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Physical Geography

Review for end of unit test

QuestionAnswer
The envelope of gasses that surround the earth. atmosphere
Carbon Dioxide is needed for what? plant growth
The name of the day when the sun appears directly over the equator. equinox
Weather conditions in a region over a long time. climate
The earth completes one of these approximately every 24 hours. rotation
The North Pole points towards this. North Star
This climate has long winters and short summers. It experiences the greatest temperature ranges in the world. tundra
The process by which the Earth's atmosphere traps the sun's energy. greenhouse effect
This climate is located mostly along the equator. Tropical Humid
This climate is often foggy and rainy in the winter. It's found on the west coasts of some continents. Marine West Coast
Cactus and Joshua trees would be found in this climate regin. arid
The large scale movement of water in the ocean. currents
Major warm current that flows from the Gulf of Mexico to Europe. Gulf Stream
What protects us from the harmful ultraviolet rays of the sun? ozone layer
This climate type is sometimes called "savannah". It has heavy rainfall in the summer and cool, dry winters, which creates tropical grasslands and scattered trees. tropical wet and dry
Day when the sun appears directly over the Tropic of Cancer or Tropic of Capricorn. solstice
The weight of the atmosphere around the planet. atmospheric pressure
This type of climate receives 10-20 inches of precipitation per year. It borders arid regions. semiarid
This type of climate is found in coastal areas of southern Europe. It has long, sunny dry summers and mild winters. Olive trees are found here. Mediterranean
This is the climate found at the tops of high mountain ranges. The climate changes as you climb in elevation. Highland
Areas of tropical grasslands, scattered trees, and shrubs Savannas
Communities of plants and animals. Ecosystems
One elliptical orbit of Earth around the sun. Revolution
Forests made up of trees that lose their leaves during part of the year. Deciduous Forests
Communities of plants and animals. Ecosystems
Forests of cone-bearing evergreen trees. Coniferous Forests
Permanently frozen soil below the Earth's surface Permafrost
Coal, natural gas, and petroleum are examples of _____________________ Energy Resources
A chain or a group of islands Archipelago
A narrow passage of water connecting two larger bodies of water Strait
A broad expanse of generally high and flat land. It can rise up from a lower area or it can be level regions within a mountain range Plateau
A mass of land almost entirely surrounded by water, connected by a narrow strip of land Peninsula
A point of land extending into the sea Cape
A narrow strip of land that connects two larger land masses Isthmus
A part of an ocean or sea that is partially enclosed by a curving coastline. Gulf
A narrow winding ocean inlet that penetrates a coastal mountain range. Fjord
The triangular-shaped land found at the mouth of some large rivers. Delta
Examples of this are soil, forests, air, and water Renewable Resources
Examples of this are gold, ore, oil, and coal Non-renewable Resources
The destruction or loss of forests Deforestation
Energy resources that are formed from the remains of plants and animals Fossil Fuels
A wind system in which the winds reverse direction and cause wet and dry seasons Monsoon
Created by: ltonge