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Medi Term Mid term

Mod 1-9 (mixed) All terms & definitions_6

irritable bowel syndrome group of gastrointestinal symptoms associated with stress-tension; i.e. abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation & bloating
jaundice symptom of illness marked by yellow-orange discoloration of skin-white if eyes; excess bilirubin in the blood
jejunum second part of small intestine
labial pertaining to the lip
laparoscopy visual examination of the abdomen & abdominal organs through small incisions in abdomen; endoscope is used
lipase enzyme (-ase) that digests fat; produced by cells in pancreas & secreted into duodenum
lithogenesis formation of stone (calculi)
liver large, reddish-brown organ in RUQ of abdomen; secretes bile, forms blood proteins & metabolizes fats, proteins & sugars
lower esophageal sphincter ring of muscles between esophagus & stomach
mastication process of chewing
melena black, tarry stools; feces containing blood
mesentery membrane that holds intestine together; fold of peritoneum attaching the small intestine to dorsal body wall
molar teeth 6th, 7th & 8th teeth from middle-either side of dental arch; most posterior molar in wisdom tooth.
nausea unpleasant sensation in stomach with tendency to vomit
odynophagia painful swallowing
oral pertaining to the mouth
oral leukoplakia white plaques-patches on mucous membranes of mouth
orthodontist dentist specializing in straightening teeth
palate roof of mouth; front palate is front bony portion & soft palate is posterior fleshy part near throat
palatoplasty surgical repair of palate
pancreas gland under-behind stomach; produces enzymes to digest foods & hormone insulin to transport sugar to cells
pancreatitis inflammation of pancreas
papillae small elevations on surface of tongue containing taste buds
parenteral pertaining to by some route other than through gastrointestinal tract, as by intravenous injection
parotid gland salivary gland within cheek, just anterior to ear
peptic ulcer open sore-lesion of mucous membrane of stomach & duodenum
perianal pertaining to surrounding the anus
periodontal disease inflammation & degeneration of gums, teeth & surrounding bone
periodontist dentist specializing in treating the gums
peristalsis rhythm-like contractions of tubes of gastrointestinal tract & other tubular structures
peritonitis inflammation of peritoneum
pharyngeal pertaining to pharynx-throat
pharynx throat; common passageway for food from the mouth
portal vein large vein bringing blood to liver from intestines
postprandial after meals
premolar teeth either or the 2 teeth on each side of each jaw, just behind canine teeth & in front of the molars
proctologist specialist in study of anus & rectum
protease enzyme that digests protein
pulp soft tissue within a tooth containing nerves & blood vessels
pyloric sphincter ring of muscles that surround opening of stomach to duodenum
pyloroplasty surgical repair of pyloric sphincter
pylorus distal region of stomach near duodenum
rectocele hernia of wall of rectum
rectum final section of colon
rugae folds-creases in mucous membrane of stomach or hard palate of mouth
saliva enzyme-containing digestive juice secreted by salivary glands
salivary glands 3 pairs of exocrine glands secreting saliva into mouth; parotid glands, sublingual glands & submandibular glands
sialadenitis inflammation of salivary gland
sialolith salivary gland stone; lodged in a salivary gland-duct
sigmoid colon distal, lower end of colon
sigmoidoscopy visual endoscopic exam of sigmoid colon
sphincter circular ring of muscle that surrounds an opening-orifice
steatorrhea discharge of fat in feces due to improper digestion & malabsorption of fat
stomatitis inflammation of the mouth
sublingual pertaining to under the tongue
submandibular pertaining to under the lower jaw-mandible
triglycerides chief form of fat in body cells; composed of 3 molecules of fatty acids & one molecule of glycerol
ulcerative colitis inflammation of colon & rectum with presence of ulcers; inflammatory bowel disease
uvula small, fleshy mass hanging from soft palate at back of mouth
uvulectomy removal of uvula
villi fingerlike, microscopic projections on the inner surface of small intestine; sites of absorption of foods
viral hepatitis inflammation of liver caused by a virus
volvulus twisting of intestine upon itself
abdominal ultrasonography sound waves beam into the abdomen & produce an image of abdominal viscera
aphthous stomatitis inflammation of the mouth with small ulcers; canker sores
atresia absence of normal opening
biliary atresia congenital absence of the opening from the common bile duct into small intestine.
bronchiectasis abnormal widening of the bronchial tubes or their branches
bronchospasm sudden involuntary contraction of muscles in walls of bronchial tubes; occurs in asthma
cecal volvulus abnormal twisting of cecum
celiac artery blood vessel that carries blood to abdominal organs from aorta
cheilosis abnormal condition of lips
cholangiography abnormal widening or dilation of a bile vessel or duct
cholangiopancreatography x-ray recording of bile vessel or ducts & pancreas after administration of contrast material directly into bile & pancreatic ducts
cholecystectomy removal of gallbladder
cholecystojejunostomy formation of new opening between gallbladder & jejunum; an anastomosis
cholecystolithiasis abnormal condition of stones in gallbladder
choledochal pertaining to common bile duct
cholelithiasis abnormal condition of gallstone formation; in gallbladder (cholecystolithiasis) or in common bile duct (choledocholithiasis)
cholestasis stoppage of bile flow
colectomy surgical removal of colon
colonoscopy visual examination of colon
computer tomography series of x-ray pics showing cross-sectional, axial, or transverse images of internal organs
dentalgia pain in a tooth
dysmenorrhea painful menstrual flow
dyspepsia painful digestion; indigestion
dysphagia difficulty swallowing
esophageal atresia congenital absence of the normal opening from the esophagus to the stomach
gastric bypass reducing the size of the stomach by diverting food into the jejunum; promotes weight loss for extreme obesity
gastroduodenal anastomosis new surgical opening between the stomach & duodenum
gastroenteritis inflammation of the stomach & intestines