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Medi Term Mid term

Mod 1-9 (mixed) All terms & definitions_3

streptococcus berry-spherical shaped bacterium in twisted chain formation
thoracentesis surgical puncture to remove fluid from the chest
thrombocytopenia deficiency of thrombocytes (platelets-clotting cells)
thrombophlebitis inflammation of a vein associated with formation of a thrombus-clot
tonsillitis inflammation of tonsils
tracheotomy new opening of the trachea to the outside of the body
venule a small vein
abductor muscle that leads a limb away from the body
adductor muscle that leads a limb toward the body
adrenal glands endocrine glands above the kidney
anabolism process of building up proteins in cells
analysis separation of a substance into various parts
anoxia without oxygen
ante cibum (a.c.) before meals
anteflexion bending forward
antepartum before birth
antibiotic against life (germ life); drugs given to combat bacteria
antibody protein made by white blood cells to destroy antigens
antigen substance (protein) that stimulates the production of antibodies
antisepsis destruction of microorganisms to prevent infection
antitoxin substance produced against a toxin (poison); an antibody
apnea without breathing
autoimmune disease antibodies that are produced against one's own normal cells
benign non-cancerous
bifurcation branching-forking into 2 parts
bilateral pertaining to both-two sides
bradycardia slow heart beat, usually less than 60 BPM
congenital anomaly abnormality present at birth; birth defect
connective tissue tissue that supports-binds other tissue-parts; i.e. bone, cartilage, muscle-fibrous tissue
contraindication a factor that prohibits the administration of a drug-procedure in the care of a patient.
contralateral affecting the opposite side of a part of the body
dehydration excessive loss of water
dialysis separation of nitrogenous wastes from the blood when the kidneys no longer function
diameter measurement between opposite points on the periphery of a circular body part; opposite points i.e.- blood vessel-intestine
diarrhea frequent passage of watery-loose stools
dysplasia condition of abnormal formation
dyspnea difficult breathing
ectopic pregnancy pregnancy that is not in the uterus; most common ectopic site is the fallopian tube
endocardium inner lining of heart
endoscope instrument to visually examine the interior of body; i.e. - bronchoscope-colonoscope
endotracheal pertaining to within the trachea
epithelium layer of cells covering external surface of body & lining hollow tubes within the body
euphoria condition of exaggerated well-being
euthyroid normal thyroid function
exophthalmos eyeballs that protrude from their sockets; associated with hyperthyroidism
hemiglossectomy removal-resection of half the tongue
hyperglycemia condition of excessive-high blood pressure; diabetes mellitus
hyperplasia condition of increased formation of cells
hypertrophy condition of increased development when individual cells increase in size
urology study of the urinary tract
abdomen area of the body between the crest & pelvis region
abdominal cavity area of the body between chest & pelvis (hip region).
adipose pertaining to fat
anabolism process of building up-synthesizing substance (such as proteins) in a cell.
anterior pertaining to the front of a structure
cartilage elastic, connective tissue found at joints, within the trachea & larynx, & connected to the ribs, nose & ear
catabolism cellular process of breaking down of a complex substance into simple compounds. energy is released to do the work of the cell
caudal pertaining to the lower portion of an organ-structure
cell membrane thin-delicate structure surrounding a cells; allows materials to pass in-out
cephalad toward the head-upper portion of the body or a structure
cervical pertaining to the neck of the body-lower neck-line portion of the uterus.
chondroma tumor of cartilage (benign)
chondrosarcoma malignant-cancerous tumor of cartilage
chromosome thread-like structure within the nucleus of a cell; contains genetic material (DNA)
coccygeal pertaining to the tailbone-coccyx
cranial cavity pertaining to the space within the skill containing the brain-pituitary gland
craniotomy incision of the skull
cytoplasm all of the substance of a cell other than the nucleus
deep away from the surface of the body-an organ
diaphragm muscular wall separating the chest & abdomen
disk circular plate like structure composed of cartilage
distal pertaining to far from the beginning of a structure
dorsal pertaining to the back-posterior portion of the body.
endoplasmic reticulum network of canals within the cytoplasm of the cell.
epigastric region upper-middle region of the abdomen, between the right-left hypochondriac regions
epithelial cells cells arranged in layers & covering of lining a surface of the body
frontal plane vertical plane passing through the body & dividing it into the front-back portions; coronal plane
genes segments of DNA that determine hereditary
histology study of tissues
hypochondriac region upper abdominal area on the either side of the epigastric (middle) region beneath cartilage of the lower ribs
hypogastric lower middle region of the abdomen
iliac pertaining to the ilium, which is the right-left upper most portion of the hipbone
inguinal lowermost region of the abdominopelvic area on either side of the hypogastric region; groin
intervertebral pertaining to between the vertebrae (backbones)
karyotype classification of chromosomes in the nucleus of a cell determined by a photograph taken during cell division
larynx voice box
lateral pertaining to the side
lumbar region in the back of the body, lumbar region is the lower back, just above the sacrum. in the front of the body it is one of two middle lateral regions on either side of the umbilical region (near the navel)
lumbosacral pertaining to the lumbar and sacral regions of the back
medial pertaining to the middle-midline of the body
mediastinum part of the thoracic (chest) cavity between the lungs
metabolism chemical processes that occur in cells; including catabolism (breaking down process) and anabolism (building up process)
mitochondria rod-like, thread-like, or granular structures in a cell; site of catabolism & release of energy
nucleic pertaining to the nucleus