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Ph; Anesthesiology

Pharmacology; anesthesiology

Groups of agents? Sedative, muscle relaxant, analgesics, amnestic, volatiles
Thiopental and Propofol problem? Hypotensive
Ketamine also has analgesic effects; problem of dissociation (used more in children); bronchodilator (good for asthma)
Etomidate; useful property and side effect? does not induce hypotension (good for trauma patients); cause adrenal insufficiency
The only sedative that is also analgesic? ketamine
Analgesics and their potency? Fentanyl (X 100 compared to morphine); morphine and hydromorphon (X 5)
Muscle relaxants and mode of action? rocuronium, succinyl choline (the only depolarizing agent)
succinyl choline the only depolarizing one; may increase ICP and IOP and increases K (because of fasciculation)
Amnestic Midazolam
Volatiles and one significant property for each? N2O (does not induce malignant hyperthermia); sevoflurane (non-irritating, good for induction in children); desflurane (most rapid onset and offset); isoflurane (long offset, good for cardiac patients)
Sedatives? Thiopental; Propofol; ketamine; etomidate
Created by: Bijan39