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PCOM Medical Term

Ch 8

amni/o amnion
cervic/o cervix, neck
chori/o, chorion/o chorion
colp/o vagina
culd/o cul-de-sac
episi/o vulva
galact/o milk
gynec/o woman;female
hyster/o uterus, womb
lact/o milk
mamm/o breast
mast/o breast
men/o menses, menstruation
metr/o, metri/o uterus
my/o, myom/o muscle, muscle tumor
nat/i birth
obstetr/o pregnancy, child birth
o/o egg
oophor/o ovary
ovari/o ovary
ov/o egg
ovul/o egg
perine/o perineum
phor/o to bear
salping/o fallopian tubes
uter/o uterus
vagin/o vagina
vulv/o vulva
-arche beginning
-cyesis pregnancy
-gravida pregnant
-parous bearing, bringing forth
-rrhea discharge
-salpinx uterine tube
-tocia labor, birth
-version act of turning
dys- painful
endo- within
intra- within
in- in
multi- many
pre- before
nulli- no not none
pre- before
primi- first
retro- backward
adnexa uteri fallopian tubes ovaries and supporting ligaments
amnion innermost membranous sac surrounding the developing fetus
areola dark-pigmented area surrounding the breast nipple
cervix lower neck-like portion of the uterus
chorion outermost layer of the two membranes surrounding the embryo
clitoris organ of sensitive erectile tissue anterior to the opening of the female urethra
coitus sexual intercourse
corpus luteum empty ovarian follicle that secrets progesterone after release of the egg cell, literally means yellow body
embryo state in prenatal development from 2-6 weeks
endometrium inner, mucous membrane lining of the uterus
estrogen hormone produced by the ovaries; promotes female secondary sex characteristics
fallopian tube one of a pair of ducts through which the ovum travels to the uterus
fertilization union of the sperm cell and ovum from which the embryo develops
fetus stage in prenatal development from 39 or 40 weeks
fimbriae finger or fringelike projections at the end of the fallopian tube
follicle stimulating hormone secreted by the pituitary gland to stimulate maturation of the egg cell
gamete male or female sexual reproduction cell; sperm cell or ovum
genitalia reproductive organs, also called genitials
gestation period of fertilization of the ovum to birth
gonad female or male reproductive organ that produces sex cell and hormones; ovary or testis
gynecology study of female reproductiv organs including the breasts
human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) hormone produced by the placenta to sustain pregnancy by stimulating the mother's ovaries to produce estrogen and progesterone
hymen mucous membrane partially or completely covering the opening to the vagina
labia lips of the vagina; labia majora-outermost lips, labia minora-inner most lips
latiferous ducts tubes that carry milk within the breast
luteinizing hormone hormone produced by the pituitary gland, promotes ovulation
mammary papilla nipple of the breast,
menarche beginning of the 1st menstrual period during puberty
menopause gradual ending of mentruation
menstruation monthly shedding of the uterine lining. The flow of blood and tissue normally discharged during menstruation is called menses
myometrium muscle layer of the uterus
neonatology branch of medicine that studies the disorders and care of the newborn
obstetrics branch of medicine concerned with pregnancy and childbirth
orifice an opening
ovarian follicle developing sac enclosing ovum within the ary. Only about 400 of these sacs mature in a women lifetime
ovary one of a pair of female organs on each side of the pelvis
ovulation release of the ovum from the ovary
ovum egg cell, female gamete
parturition act of giving birth
perineum in females, the area between the anus and the vagina
pituitary gland endocrine gland at the base of the brain. It produces hormones to stimulate the ovaries
placenta vascular organ that develops in the uterine wall during pregnancy. It serves as a communication between maternal and fetal bloodstreams
pregnancy condition in a female of having developing embryo and fetus in her uterus for about 40 weeks
progestrone hormone produced by the corpus luteum in the ovary and the placenta of pregnant women
puberty point in the life cycle at which the ability to reproduce begins
uterine serosa outermost layer surrounding the uterus
uterus hollow, pear-shaped muscular female organ in which the embryo and fetus develop, and from which menstruation occurs
vagina muscular, mucosa-lines canal extending from the uterus to the exterior of the body
vulva external female genitalia;includs the labia hymen clitoris and vaginal orifice
zygote stage in prenatal development from fertilization and implantation to 2 weeks
Created by: urbandanzer