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Med Termi Mid-term

Mod 1-9 Abbreviations & meanings

ADH antidiuretic hormone - vasopressin
alk phos alkaline phosphate
ALT, AST alanine transaminase, aspartate transaminaseenzymes measured to evaluate liver function
ARF acute renal failure
BE barium enema
BILI bilirubin
BM bowel movement
BRBPR bright red blood per rectumhematochezia (Latin 'per' means through)
BUN blood urea nitrogen
C&S culture & sensitivity testing -determine if antibiotic effectiveness against bacteria grown from a patient's specimen
CAPD continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
Cath catheter, catheterization
CCPD continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis
CI- chloride
CKD chronic kidney disease
CRF chronic renal failure
CT computer tomography
cysto cystoscopic examination
EGD esophagogastroduodenoscopy
ERCP endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
ESRD end-stage renal disease see CKD
FOBT fecal occult blood test
G Tube gastrostomy tube; also called stomach tube and PEG tube used to introduce nutrients into stomach after insertion through abdominal wall with laparoscopic instruments
GB gallbladder
GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease
GI gastrointestinal
HBV hepatitis B virus
HCO3- bicarbonate -an electrolyte conserved by the kidney
HD hemodialysis
IBD inflammatory bowel disease
IC interstitial cystitis
K+ potassium-electrolyte
KUB kidney, ureter, and bladder also called urogram
LAC laparoscopic assisted colectomy
LFTs liver function tests
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
Na+ sodium -an electrolyte
NG tube nasogastric tube
NPO nothing by mouth (Latin 'nil' 'per' 'os')
PD peritoneal dialysis
PEG tube percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube - feeding tube
PEJ tube percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy tube - feeding tube
pH symbol for degree of acidity or alkalinity
PKD polycystic kidney disease
PKU phenylketonuria
PTHC percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography
PUD peptic ulcer disease
PUL percutaneous ultrasonic lithotripsy
RP retrograde pyleogram
STEP serial transverse enteroplasty
T tube tube placed in the bilary tract for drainage
TPN total penetration nutrition IV TPN solutions typically contain sugar (dextrose), proteins (amino acids), electrolytes (sodium, potassium, chloride), and vitamins.