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PCOM Medical Term

Ch 5 & 6 Symptoms

anorexia lack of appetite
ascites abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen
borborygmus rumbling or gurgling noise produced by the movement of gas, fluid, or both i the gastrointestinal tract
constipation difficulty in passing stools
diarrhea frequent passage of loose, watery stools
dysphagia difficulty in swallowing
eructation gas expels through from the stomach through the mouth
flatus gas expelled through the anus
hematochezia passage of fresh, bright red blood from the rectum
jaundice yellow-orange discoloration of the skin and whites of the eyes caused by high levels of bilirubin in the blood
melena black, tarry stools containing digested blood
nausea unpleasant sensation in the stomach associated with a tendency to vomit
stratorrhea fat in the feces; frothy, foul smelling fecal matter.
apthous stomatitis inflammation of the mouth with small painful ulcers
dental caries tooth decay
herpetic stomatitis inflammation of the mouth by infection with the herpes virus
oral leukoplakia white plaques or patches on the mucosa of the mouth
periodontal disease inflammation and degeneration of gums teeth and surrounding bone
achalaisa failure of the lower esophagus sphincter muscle to relax
esophageal varices swollen varicose veins at the lower end of the esophagus
gastric carcinoma malignant tumor of the stomach
gastroesophageal solids and fluids retun to the mouth from the stomach
hernia protrusion of an organ or part through the muscle normally containing it
peptic ulcer open sore or lesion o the mucous membrane of the stomach of duodenum
anal fistula abnormal tube like passageway near the anus
colonic polyposis polyps protrude from the mucous membrane of the colon
colorectal cancer adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum or both
crohn' disease chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract
diverticulosis abnormal side pockets in the intestinal wall
dysentery painful inflamed intestine
hemorrhoids swollen twisted varicose veins in the rectal region
ilues failure of peristasis with resulting obstruction of the intestines
intussusception telescoping of the intestines
irritable bowel syndrome group of GI symptoms associated with stress and tension
ulcerative colitis chronic inflammation of the colon and presence of ulcers.
volvulus twisting of the intestine on itself
cholelithiasis gallstones in the gallbladder
cirrhosis chronic degenerative disease of the liver
pacreatitis inflammation of the pancreas
viral hepatitis inflammation of the liver caused by a virus
Created by: urbandanzer