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Asepsis wordlist blu

blue mod asepsis word list

Active Immunity Immunity produced when the body makes its own antibodies in response to either natural exposure to a pathogen or artificial exposure through vaccination.
Active Infection An infection in which signs and symptoms are present.
Acute Infection An infection that is time limited.
Aerobic Bacteria Bacteria that require oxygen to grow.
Anaerobic Bacteria Bacteria that do not require oxygen.
Anitbody A protein specific to a certain antigen which weakens or destroys pathogens.
Antigen A pathogen or any other substance that induces an antibody response.
Antigen-Antibody Response The process by which the immune system produces special substances to fight off foreign substances.
Antisepsis The process of reducing microorganisms to prevent the soread of infection.
Antiseptic A cleansing agent that can be applied to living tissue to destory pathogens.
Asepsis A state in which pathogens are absent or reduced;there are two principle types of asepsis-medical and surgical.
Asymptomatic Without clinical signs or symptoms.
Attenuated Organism One that has been weakend for use in a vaccine;it cannot produce the disease, but will stimulate the body to produce antibodies.
Autoclave A device using steam for sterilization.
Bactericidal Killing microorganisms.
Bacteriostatic Reducing or inhibiting the number of microorganisms.
Chronic Infection An infection that is presistent over a long period,perhaps for life.
Contagious Communicable Disease;a disease that is spread from person to person.
Contaimination The presence of pathogens on an object.
Disinfectant A chemical substance that destroys or eliminates specific species of infectious microorgamisms;it is not usually effective against bacterial spores.
Disinfection A more thorough removal of contaminates than sterilization, but less thorough than sterilization.
Exacerbation A period in which a chronic infection shows symptoms.
Immunity An individual`s ability to fight off disease.
Immunoglobulin A serum that contains antibodies that can help protect an exposed person from contracting the disease.
Infection A disease process that results from the entry,mulitplication and spread of a microorganism in the body.
Iodophor A disinfecting substance containing iodine and phosphoric acid;antiseptics,such as proviodine and betadine,commonly used in offices and hopitals,are from the iodophor family.
Latent Infection One in which the symptoms disappear and recur,while the disease-causing agent remains in the body.
Leukocytes White blood cells that combat infection.
Local Infection An infection that is confined to spedific region of the body,for example,the finger.
Lymph A fluid that transports nutrients to cells and collects the waste products of metabolism.
Lymphatic System A network of vessels and nodes that is part of the circulatory system.
Lymphocyte Special white blood cells that produce antibodies;they help the immune system identify pathogens.
Microorganism An organism so small that it can only be seen under a microscope.
MRSA Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus.
Nonpathogenic Not causing disease.
Nosocomial Infection A hospital-related infection;one that is not present or incubating when a patient is admitted to a hospital or health-care facility.
Opportunistic Infection An infection that does not ordinarily cause disease,but does so under certain circumstances,for example,in comprimised immune systems;so called because it takes advantage of an ``opportunity``.
Otitis Media Infection of the middle ear.
Passive Immunity Immunity provided by antibodies produced outside the body.
Pathogen A microorganism that casues disease and intiates an infection.
Phagocytosis The process of white blood cells engulfeing antigens.
Postexposure Prophylaxis PEP;treatment after exposure to a pathogen,aimed at preventing infection.
Quarantine Isolating or seperating a client,client-care unit or facility.
Recurrent Infection A distinct episode of an infection after recovery from the initial infection;may involve the same pathogens or different ones.
Relapse The re-emergence of an initial infection after it appears to have subsided,but has not been cured.
Remission A period in which a chronic infection shows no symptoms.
Sanitization Removal of gross contaminants and some microorganisms from instruments,skin,etc;the lowest level of medical hygiene.
Sanitizer A substance that significantly reduces the bacterial population in an inanimate environment,but does not destroy all bacteria or orther microorganisms.
Sharp Any instrument with a sharp edge or point,such as a scalpel,scissors or a needle.
Sterilant A substance that destorys or eliminates all forms of microbial life in an inanimate enviornment.
Sterile Technique Methods to avoid contamination of sterile materials.
Sterile Completely free of pathogens.
Sterilization The process of destroying all microorganisms,including bacterial endospores and viruses;this is the highest level of cleanliness.
Systemic Infection An infection that has spread to more than one region of the body.
Teratogenic Causing abnormalities in the fetus.
Topical Applied to the skin.
Virulence The power of a microbe to produce disease in a particular host.
VRE Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci.
Created by: zeldafan