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Quick & Easy MT ch11

Quick & Easy MT Ch 11 The Reproductive System

gonads function in the production of spermatozoa or ova (Testes and Ovaries)
genitalia reproductive organs
gynecology study of disease of the female reproductive organs
gynecologist specialist in the study of female reproductive diseases
vulval pertaining to the vulva
Intrauterine within the uterus
extrauterine outside the uterus
endometrium tissue that forms the lining of the uterus
myometrium thick muscular tissue of the uterus
perimetrium membrane that surrounds the uterus
ovulation produciont of ova
climacteric menopause (end of woman's reproductive period)
menses menstruation
cervic/o cervix
colp/o vagina
vagin/o vagina
genit/o genitals
gonad/o genitals or reproduction
gynec/o female
hyster/o uterus
uter/o uterus
metr/o uterine tissue
oophor/o ovary
ovar/o ovary
salping/o uterine tube (fallopian tube)
vulv/o vulva
-cidal killing
cyst/o bladder, cyst or sac
vesic/o bladder, cyst or sac
men/o month
rect/o rectum
urethr/o urethra
urin/o urine
cytology study of cells
colposcopy visual examination of the vagina and cervix
lapraroscopy examination of the abdominal cavity through one or more small incisions in the abdominal wall
amenorrhea absence of menstrual flow when it is normally expected
dysmenorrhea painful menstruation
menorrhagia excessive flow during menstruation
metrorrhagia bleeding from the uterus at any time other than during the menstrual period
copitis inflammation of the vagina
cystocele herniation or protrusion of the urinary bladder through the wall of the vagina
endometriosis a condition in which tissue that somewhat resembles the endometrium is found abnormally in various locations in the pelvic cavity.
fistula an abnormal, tubelike passage between two internal organs or between an internal organ and a body surface
hysteroptosis prolapse of the uterus
myoma most common fibroid tumor of the uterine muscle
oophoritis inflammation of the ovary
oophorosalpingitis inflammation of an ovary and its uterine tube
ovarian carcinoma cancer of an ovary
pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) infection of the upper genital organs beyond the cervix, often involving the peritoneum and intestines.
vulvitis inflammation of the vulva
colpoplasty plastic surgery of the vagina
hysterectomy surgical removal of the uterus
oophorectomy surgical removal of one or both ovaries
salpingorrhaphy suture of a uterine tube
tubal ligation sterilization by surgically binding or crushing the uterine tubes
fertilization union of an ovum and sperm, resulting in an embryo
implantation embedding of the fertilized ovum (called zygote)
zygote fertilized ovum
placenta a membrane through which the fetus derives nourishment during pregnancy
fetus developing embryo after 8 weeks
chorionic gonadotropin (CHG) hormone produced and detected in body fluids within a few days after fertilization occurs
ultrasonography provides an image of the developing fetus
ectopic pregnancy pregnancy located outside the uterus
prenatal before birth
postnatal after birth
neonate newborn infant up to 6 weeks of age
Gestation period of time from conception to birth (pregnancy)
antepartum before childbirth
postpartum after childbirth
unipara given birth to one offspring
secundipara given birth to two offspring
tripara given birth to three offspring
nullipara never given birth to viable offspring
gravida 1 pregnant for the first time
gravida 2 two pregnancies
amni/o amnion (fetal membrane)
fet/o fetus
nat/i birth
par/o to bear offspring
-para a woman who has given birth
cephalic presentation fetal presentation - head down
breech presentation fetal presentation - feet , knees, or buttocks down
Shoulder presentation fetal presentation - shoulder down
abruptio placentae separation of the placenta from the uterine wall after 20 weeks or more gestation or during labor; often results in severe hemorrhage
amnion innermost of the membranes that surround the developing fetus
amniocentisis surgical puncture of the amniotic sac through the abdominal wall of the mother to remove amniotic fluid
down syndrome congenital condition characterized by mild or severe mental retardation (three chromosome 21)
episiotomy a surgical procedure in which an incision is made to enlarge the vaginal opening for delivery
placenta previa abnormal implantation of the placenta in the uterus so that it impinges on or covers the opening at the upper end of the uterine cervix
adipose fat tissue
mammary pertaining to breast
lactation secretion of milk
mammography diagnostic procedure that uses radiography to study the breast
mammogram radiographic image of breast
lumpectomy removal or lump or tumor from breast
chemotherapy chemical therapy for cancer
mastectomy surgical excision of breast
mastalgia pain in the breast
mastodynia pain in the breast
mammalgia painful breast
mastitis inflammation of the breast
mastoptosis sagging breasts
mastopexy surgical fixation of breast (surgery to lift breasts)
augmentation mammoplasty plastic surgery to increase the size of the breast
testes male gonad
testosterone male hormone
spermatogenesis formation of mature, functional sperm
estrogen female hormone
spermatocidal killing of sperm
spermicidal killing of sperm
gon/o genitals or reproduction
orchi/o testes
orchid/o testes
test/o testes
testicul/o testes
pen/o penis
prostat/o prostate
scrot/o scrotum, bag
semin/o semen
ser/o serum
spermat/o sperm
urethr/o urethra
vas/o vessel or duct
orchiditis inflammation of the testes
prostatic carcinoma prostate cancer (slow growing)
testicular torsion rotation of the spermatic cord that cuts off blood supply to the testicle
circumcision surgical remaoval of the end of the foreskin that covers the head of teh penis
orchidectomy surgical removal of a testicle
orchidoplasty plastic surgery of the testes
prostatectomy removal of the prostate
vasectomy removal of all or a segment of the vas deferens, to produce sterility
urethritis inflammation or the urethra
genitourinary pertains to the genitals and urinary organs
syndrome defined set of signs and symptoms that are not necessarily caused by the same disease.
malignancies cancerous growths
chancre primary lesion of syphilis
gonococcus causative agent of gonorrhea
spirochete causative agent of syphilis
Created by: MrsSlagter