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Quick & Easy MT ch10

Quick & Easy MT Ch 10 The Urinary System

excretion elimination of waste
urination act of voiding (peeing)
urology the branch of medicine concerned with male genital tract and urniary tracts of both sexes
urologist physician who specializes in urology (urinary tract)
albumin/o albumin
-ation process
-esis action, process, or result of
glycos/o sugar
olig/o few, scanty
ur/o urine or urinary tract
urin/o urine
-uria urine or urination
urinary pertaining to , secreting or containing urine
nephron functional unit of the kidney
urethra urine is expelled through this duct from the bladder to outside
cyst/o bladder
glomerulo/o glomerulus (filtering structure of the kidney)
nephr/o kidney
ren/o kidney
pyel/o renal pelvis (reservoir in the kidney that collects the urine)
ureter/o ureter
urethr/o urethra
renal pertaining to the kidney
ureteral pertaining to the ureter
urethral pertaining to the urethra
cystic pertaining to the gallbladder; pertaining to the urinary bladder
glomerulus cluster of blood vessels surrounded by a structure called the Bowman's capsule
distal far, away from
antiduretic hormone (ADH) increases the reabsorption of water by the renal tubules, thus decreasing the amount of urine produced
urinalysis physical, chemical and microscopic examination of the urine
proteinuria protein in the urine
glycosuria sugar (glucose) in the urine
hematuria blood in the urine
albuminuria albumin (specific protein) in the urine
pyuria pus in the urine
ketonuria ketones (waste products when body's fat stores are metabolized for energy) in the urine
diabetes mellitus endocrine disorder characterized by glycosuria and hyperglycemia and results from inadequate production or use of insulin
Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) a measure of the amount of urea in the blood (directly related to the metabolic function of the liver and the excretory function of the kidneys)
nephrolithiasis presence of kidney stones
nephritis inflammation of the kidney
cystoscopy visual examination of the urinary bladder
cystoscope instrument used to perform cystoscopy
cystitis inflammation of the bladder
dysuria difficult or painful urination
polyuria excretion of an abnormally large quantity of urine
uremia presence of nitrogen containing wastes in the blood
cystocele a bladder hernia that protrudes into the vagina
nephrotoxic destructive to kidney tissue
polycystic kidney disease a hereditary disorder characterized by hundreds of fluid-filled cysts throughout both kidneys
polyp a tumor found on a mucosal surface (such as lining of bladder or colon)
renal failure failure of kidney to perform it's essential functions
renal insufficiency the reduced ability of the kidney to perform it's essential functions
urinary incontinence inability to hold urine in the bladder
urinary retention inability to empty bladder
urinary tract infection (UTI) an infection of the urinary tract
nephrectomy surgical removal of a kidney
immunosuppressive therapy administration of agents (drugs) that significantly interfere with the immune response of the recipient (prevent rejection of transplanted organs)
suprapubic catheter surgically placed through a small incision or puncture of the abdominal wall approximately 1 inch above the symphysis pubis.
cystectomy surgical removal of the bladder
hemodialysis process of diffusing blood through a membrane to remove toxic materials and maintain proper chemical balance
diuretic increasing urination, or an agent that causes increased urination
lithotripsy surgical crushing of a stone
nephropexy surgical attachment of a prolapsed kidney
percutaneous through the skin
ureteroplasty surgical repair of a ureter
Created by: MrsSlagter