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chp 37-39

chapters 37-39 delmar

What does CDC stand for and where are they located? Center for disease control Atlanta, Georgia
What does OSHA stand for and what does it regulate? Occupational Safety and Health Administration. require employers to ensure employee safety in regard to occupational exposure to potentially harmful substances.
What does CLIA stand for and what does it regulate? Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments. safeguard the public by regulating all testing of specimens taken from the human body
When was CLIA established? 1967 then reastablished in 1988
What does MSDS stand for? Material Safety Data Sheet
What does CHP stand for? Chemical Hygiene Plan
What are the four colors used and what is the numbering system? Blue-health hazard, Red-fire hazard, Yellow-instability hazard, white-use of PPE, 0 to 4 with 4 being the worst
What are the lab departments discussed in ch 39 Independent laboratories, patient service center or small satellite, hospital-based laboratories, and reference laboratories
What are examples of PPE's? goggles, gloves, apron, face shields, mask,
What is the proper way to carry a microscope? with one hand securely supporting the base and the other hand holding the arm
what is the most commonly used microscope in a clinic setting? compound microscope
what is the name of the microscope used to view virus? electron microscope
what does POL, POCT, and PPM stand for? Physicians office labatory, Point-of-care testing, Provider-Performed microscopy
What information is needed for a lab rquisition Patient name, name and address of laboratory, date and time of collection, name of test requested, diagnosis
What are the three main types of laboratories? Independent labs, hospital-based lab, reference labs,
How often do you renew your lab certificates? every two years
What are some reasons we do lab testing? To record an individual's state of health, to satisfy employment, insurance, or legal requirements, gain statistics for research and clinical trials, detect asymptomatic conditions or diseases, confirm a clinical diagnosis, differentiate between diseases
What are the three levels of testing under CLIA? Waived tests, moderate-complexity tests and PPM, High-complexity tests
What is the purpose for control testing? to further ensure accurate test results.
What are the 4 EKG interference? Somatic tremor artifact, AC Interference, Wandering Baseline Artifacts, Interrupted BaseLine Artifacts
What does the P and T wave represents? P wave represents atrial depolarization and is recorded as a positive deflection. T wave represents ventricular repolarization and is a positive deflection.
How many chambers does the heart have? 4 two upper atria and two lower ventricles
What is the SA node? Sinoatrial node aka the pacemaker of the heart it starts the electrical impulses of the heart beat.
How do you calculate heart rate? count the big boxes between peaks and divide by 300.
What are the five purposes for EKG? 1.detect myocardial ischemia 2.estimate damage to the myocardium caused by a myocardial infarction 3.detect and evaluate cardiac arrhythmia 4. assess effects of cardiac medication on the heart 5.determine if electrolyte imbalance is present
What is an myocardial infarction? is a heart attack
what does sinus bradycardia mean? a heart rate less than 60 beats/min
what does sinus tachycardia mean? greater than 100 beats/min
What is a holter monitor? portable continuous recording of cardiac activity for a 24-hour period.
What is an AED? Automated external defibrillator
Created by: Seanmorrone