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Sarah Superior Train

Abbreviations and Definitions

AKA above the knee amputation
BKA below the knee amputation
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
FX. fracture
MI myocardial infarction (heart attack)
URI upper respiratory infection
UTI urinary tract infection
ADL activities of daily living
AD LIB as desired
BM bowel movement
CL.LIQ clear liquids
BP blood pressure
BRP bathroom privileges
BSC bedside commode
C/O complains of
DNR do not resuscitate
HOB head of bed (30 degrees-have trouble breathing, respiratory infection, or feeding tube)
HOH hard of hearing
HT. height
I&O intake and output
NPO nothing by mouth (usually with HOB)
O2 oxygen
PRN as needed
STAT immediately, at once (it's life or death)
VS vital signs
WT. weight
W/C wheelchair
OT occupational therapy
PT physical therapy
AC before meal (think of A.M for AC)
PC after meal (think of P.M for PC)
BID 2 times a day (B=bi=2)
TID 3 times a day (T=tri=3)
QID 4 times a day (Q=quad=4)
QD every day
HS bedtime
LBS. pounds
IN. inches
_ c with
_ s without
QOD every other day
Continent the ability to control one's urine or bowel.
Incontinent the inability to control one's urine or bowel. (must be assisted every 2 hours while they're awake and every 4 hours while asleep or you will be charged with neglect)
Empathy the ability to put yourself in one's shoes, to feel what someone else feels.
Cognition the ability to think logically and rationally, knowing and perceiving correctly.
Paralysis partial or complete loss of voluntary motion or sensation to a part of the body.
Three Major C's of Privacy curtain, call light, and comfort
Ombudsman a volunteer-government official protects the right of the patient. (between the facility and the patient)
Invasion of Privacy is exposing a resident's affairs without permission.
False Imprisonment is detaining a person against his/her will. (Chemical & Physical are two different restraints)
Aphasia is a condition that results from damage to the part of the brain that controls speech. (This may happen after a stroke or severe brain trauma.
Acute Care is given to patients who need short term high technical care for a specified illness or injury. This type of care is given in hospitals.
Sub acute care is given to patients who need 24 hour skilled care but who are less acute than the patients in the hospital. This type of care is given in hospitals or nursing homes.
Long term care is given to patients who need 24 hour care for a long term illness or condition. This may be provided in a nursing home (sometimes called a skilled nursing facility) or a long term care facility. The patient may or may not go home.
Hospice care is for patients who have a terminal illness or condition (usually less than 6 months expected life span). These services may be provided in a skilled nursing facility, hospice, or at a person's home.
Assisted living care is for patients who may need some assistance with daily tasks such as showering or bathing. They may also need assistance with medications. They usually do not require skilled care.
Charting is to make a record in tabular or graph form of the progress of a patient's condition.(Observation and reporting any physical or behavioral changes of a resident to the charge nurse.)
Hepatitis Inflammation of the liver, due usually to viral infection but sometimes to toxic agents.
Hepatitis B a DNA virus in the genus Orthohepadnavirus, family Hepadnaviridae; the causative agent of viral hepatitis type B.(It can live outside the body on a hard surface up to 5-7 days. HBV includes jaundice-yellowing of the eyes & stomach-flu like symptoms.
Hepatitis A an RNA virus, genus Hepatovirus, in the family Picornaviridae; the causative agent of viral hepatitis type A. (HAV is found in stool)
Hepatitis C a non-A, non-B RNA virus causing posttransfusion hepatitis; it a member of the family Flaviviridae. There are now tests to detect hepatitis C infection. (HCV is found in blood and symptoms consist of fatigue & abdominal pain.)
Microorganisms are organisms that are so small they they can only be seen with a microscope. (Most common types: viruses, bacteria, and fungi "germs")They are called our body's natural flora because they live naturally on skin, in the intestine, vagina, mouth, & etc.
Direct transmission person-to-person i.e kissing, sexual intercourse, via droplet when coughing withing 3 ft (goes into person's eye, mouth, nose) Ex: Chicken pox, Measles
Indirect transmission person to object to person. Objects include hands, soiled linen, dressing, contaminated food or water. Hands most common object of transmission.
Airborne transmission reservoir coughs microorganisms into the air and a susceptible host breathes them into the lungs. i.e Tuberculosis (TB)
Reservoir where organisms live in the human body, animals, plants, soil,food, & water
PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) --ON-- gown, mask, goggles, & gloves
PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) --OFF-- gloves, goggles, gown, mask
Pathological wastes, lab cultures, liquid blood, and contaminated items that would release blood if compressed require special handling disposed in red bags or bags labeled with the biohazard symbol.
Cleaning removal of soil from objects. Done with water, detergent and scrubbing.
Disinfection process eliminates most, but not all microorganism. Done with special chemicals sometimes combined with detergent.
Sterilization is the complete elimination of all microorganisms. i.e autoclave
Can you die from AIDS? No, you die from a secondary disease or infection. Ex: AIDS patient dies from pneumonia.
Can you get infected with HIV through saliva? No, because HIV cannot live outside of the body.
Immobility inability to move
Meatus urinary opening (private part)
Grimace facial expression exhibiting pain/discomfort
Promptly quickly; punctual
Post Mortem after death
Reversible condition that can change
Heimlich Maneuver abdominal thrust (severe choking)
Sputum thick secretions that can be coughed up
Saliva natural oral secretions
Dementia cognitive impairment
Disorientation not knowing person, place, or time.
Tachycardia HR > 100bpm (Tachy means to speed up)
Bradycardia HR < 60bpm (Usually when patient are lying down their HR is usually lower)
Tachypnea respiratory > 20/min
Apnea without breath
Arrhythmia without rhythm
Created by: Salahh