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Chapter 4

integumentary system structure The skin and accessory organs such as the nails, hair and special oil and sweat producing glands.
integumentary system functions protection, regulation of body temerature, synthesis of chemicals, sense organ
skeletal system structure bones (206), joints, cartlidge and ligaments
skeletal system functions support, movement ( w/ joints and muscles)storage of minerals and blood cell formation
muscular system structure muscles! Voluntary, or striated - involuntary or smooth, cardiac
muscular system functions movement, maintenance of body posture, production of heat, contraction of heart, blood pressure maintenence, intestinal movement to eliminate feces.
nervous system structure brain spinal cord, nerves, sense organs
nervous system functions communication, integration, control, recognition of sensory stimuli
endocrine system structure pituitary gland, pineal gland, hypothaluamus, thyroid gland, parathyroid glands, thymus gland, adrenal glands, pancreas, ovaries (female), testes (male)
endocrine system functions secretion o special substances called hormones directly into the blood. Same as nervous system - commincation, integration, control. Examples are growth, metabilism, reproduction and fluid and electrolyte balance
cardiovascular (circulatory) system structure heart, blood vessels ( arteries, veins and capillaries)
cardivascular ( circulatory) system functions transportation, regulation fo body temperature and immunity
lymphatic system structure lymph nodes, lymphatic vessels, tonsils, thymus, spleen
lymphatic system functions transportation, immunity
respiratory system structure nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs
respiratory system functions exchange of waste gas (carbon dioxide) for oxygen occurs in the alveoli of the lungs! Warm and humidify incoming air. Filtration of irritants from inspired air. Regulation of acid-base balance.
digestive system structure mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum, anal canal. Accessory organis are teeth, salivary glands, tongue, liver, gallbladder, pancreas and appendix
digestive system functions mechanical and chemical breakdown ( digestion) of food. Absorption of nutrients. Undigested waste product that is eliminated is called feces.
urinary system structure kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra
urinary system functions "clearing" or cleaning blood of waste products, electrolyte blance, water balance, acid-base balance. In males Urethra has urninary and reproductive functions
reproductive system structure ( males ) gonads/testes, genital ducts - vas deferens, urethra, accessory gland - prostate, supporting structures - genitalia ( penis and scrotum)
reproductive system structure ( females ) gonads/ovaries, accessory organs - uterus, uterine (fallopian tubes), vagina. Supporting sturctures - genitalia (vulva) mamamry glands (breasts)
reproductive system functions ( both sexes) survival of genes, production of sex cells ( male - sperm, female - ova) transfer and fertilization of sex cells, development and birth of offspring, nourishment of offspring, production of sex hormones.
radiography imaging technique using x-rays that pass through certian tissues more easily than others, allowing an image of tissues to form on a photographic plate; invented by Wilhelm Rontgen in 1895
Created by: 4gotn1