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Stack #25206

zchapter 5 vocabulary

ansioplasty surgicla repair of blood vessel
coronary artery bypass graft surgical process for relief of angina or diseasegrafted fron aorta to coronary arteries
statins lip-lowing drugs inhibiting biosynthesis of cholestrol
thromboltic therepy breakdown of blod clot using drugs
valvuloplasty plastic surgery torepair heart valve
agglutination adhesion, clumping of distinct parts
anaphylaxis rapidly developing seroious allergic reaction in multi. parts of the body
aneurysm blood filled dilation of bloodvessel caused by disese or weak walls
angina pectoris insufficient supply of blood to the heart
arterioles smallest terminal branches of arteries
desiccated to dry out thoroughly
diastole normal rhythmically occurring relaxation and dilatation of the heart chambers
systole rhythmic contraction of the heart, especially of the ventricles, by which blood is driven through the aorta and pulmonary artery after each dilation or diastole
malaise vague feeling of bodily discomfort
mycocardial infarction heart attack
myocardial infarction heart attack interruption in the supply of blood to the heart
phagocyte cell thats engulfs and absorbs waste material in the bloodstream and tissues
aneurysm localized blood-filled dilatation of a blood vessel
arrhthmia irregularity in the rhythm of the heartbeat
arteriosclerosis chronic disease in which thickening, hardening, and loss of elasticity of the arterial walls
atherosclerosis build up of fatty plaque
bruit sound, especially an abnormal one, heard in auscultation
coronary artery disease condition that results when the coronary arteries are narrowed or occluded
deep vein thrombosis blood clot (thrombos) in a vein deep within the muscle
embolus a mass travels through the bloodstream
fibrillation Rapid uncoordinated twitching movements that replace the normal rhythmic contraction of the heart
heart failure HF-inability of the heart to pump blood at an adequate rate
hypertension Abnormally elevated blood pressure
ischemia decrease in the blood supply to a bodily organ, tissue, or part caused by constriction or obstruction of the blood vessels
mitral valve prolapse flop backwards into the left atrium
murmur usually emanating (sound) from the heart, that sometimes indicates a diseased condition.
patent ductus arteriosus cardiovascular defect that is caused by failure of the arterial canal to close after birth
raynaud phenomenon Sensitivity of the hands to cold due to spasms of the digital arteries, resulting in blanching and numbness of the fingers
rheumatic heart disease Permanent damage to the valves of the heart caused especially by repeated attacks of rheumatic fever
stroke cerebrovascular accident
transient ischemic attack temporary blockage of the blood supply to the brain ..no permanent damage
varicose vein swollen---caused by imcompentent valves
AIDS deficiency of cellular immunity
Hodg·kin's disease malignant, enlargement of the lymph nodes, spleen, and liver
Kaposi sarcoma maligant connective tissue= AIDS related
lymphadenitis Inflammation and enlarged lymph nodes.
mononucleosis infection of the Epstein-Barr virus
cardiac catheterization tube- large vein== usually arm or leg
cardiac enzyme study test to determine cardiac damage
echocardiograhpy ultrasound- visualize heart structure and movement
Holter monitor portable device for continuously monitoring
stress test measure an individual's heart rate and oxygen intake while undergoing strenuous physical exercise
troponin I blood test measure protein released by damage heart muscle
bone marrow aspiration biopsy exams bone marrow.. usually taken from the sternum or iliac crest
lymphangiography contrast medium used to exam lymph vessels
tissue typing histocompatibility of tissue for grafts
Created by: sistermary789