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Social Studies~exam

Irrigation/Early American Societies Native Americans Early form of technology-bringing water to land 1400 North America Beginning of technology- use of tools&knowledge to meet human needs
Christopher Columbus Columbus discovered the existence of North American continent, changed views of Europeans regarding world 1492-1504 Spain-Americas, Central American coastline In search of a faster water route to Asia
Treaty of Torsedillas Spain, Portugal moved Line of Demarcation(1493) more than 800 miles farther to the west 1494 Spain/Portugal Spain/Portugal were fighting over land claims, this treaty favored Portugal because of change eventually allowed Brazil to become a colony of Portugal
Mercantilism Europeans/colonies increase money in a country's treasury by creating a favorite balance of trade 1400's Europe created more imports than esports for a country, especially through colonies
Europe's Age of Exploration Spain, France, England, Portugal, Italy Water routes to Asia 1400's-1700's Asia/Americas Asian goods, profit from Asian trade, get away from the Italian, Muslim control of existing routes to Asia, increased wealth, led to discovery of Americas
Spanish Armada Spain's fleet of ships Sent by Philip II, King of Spain to include England and restore catholocism 1588 English channel Eng. defeated Spanish Armada, World saw spain could be beaten. Eng. remained protestant&independent. other nations challenged spain's land claims
Jamestown English citizens 1st permanent Eng. settlement in North America named after King James 1607 Jamestown, Virginia religous freedom, beginning of settling of 13 colonies
Mayflower Compact Pilgrims agreement signed by men aboard the Mayflower 1620 Plymouth, Massachusetts Colonists were united, established Christian heritage of colonies, laws governing colonies were put in writing
Magna Carta English citizens/colonists Great charter, property could not be seized by King officials, could not be taxed unless agreed by council, could not be put on trial w/out witnesses, punished only by a jury of peers, people of same social rank, limited powers of King 1215 England Guaranteed rights of Englishmen
Royal Colony colonies ruled by governors appointed by the King North and South Carolina were Royal colonies 1729 13 colonies King appointed governors to rule certain colonies
Slaved in Colonial America enslaved Africans worked Southern colonies rice, tobacco, cotton plantations 1665-1700's Southern colonies free labor, worked plantations, belief that some people are inferior because of their race, thousands contributed to Washington's Army
Great Awakening colonists, Jonathan Edwards, George Whitefield Inner religions emotion is more important than outward religous behaviour 1730's-1740's English colonies changed colonial culture, churches gained 20,000-50,000 new members
Enlightenment began in Europe, Benjamin Franklin, Isaac Newton, John Locke a time period emphasizing reason/science as paths to knowledge 18th century England colonies/Europe influenced colonists thinking about natural rights, life, liberty, property
Glorious Revolution William(King)/ Mary(Queen) William&Mary became rulers of England after James was overthrown for not respecting rights of English citizens 1688 England changing of leadership from James to William&Mary, William&Mary upheld rights
English Bill of Rights English citizens, Parliament, upheld by William and Mary Respected rights of Eng. citizens&Parliament. King&Queen could not cancel laws, impose taxes, govt. based on laws made by Parliament NOT king 1689 England used principles of these rights to jail Gov. Andros when he ended Massachusetts republic assemblies
French and Indian War French, English, Huron, Algonquin, Iroquis Control of fur trade. fighting between Indinan groups, English/French fighting in Europe 1754-1763 Ohio River Valley Britain claimed all of North America east of Mississippi River.
Treaty of Paris(1763) English/France Ended French/Indian War 1763 North America Treaty written to end French/Indian War
Sugar Act Parliament/13 colonies Law placed a tax on sugar, molasses&other products shipped to the colonies 1764 13 colonies to help Eng. pay for war debts
Stamp Act Parliament/13 colonies law required all legal commercial documents to carry an official stamp showing that a tax had been paid 1765 13 colonies created the Stam Act congress-this was the 1st time the colonists met to consider acting together in protest
Sons of Liberty Secret societies to oppose British polocies, lawyers, merchants,craftspeople colonists most affected by Stamp Act ,required legal commercial documents to carry stamp 1765 13 colonies tax for colonies to raise money for Eng. to pay war debts
Daughters of Liberty women in colonies patriotic organization that joined in the boycott of British tea and other goods 1767 13 colonies women were not allowed to participate in political life in colonies
Boston Massacre 1000 British soldiers, dock workers symbol of British tyranny 1768 Boston, Massachusetts British soldiers hired out at rates lower than American workers. Resentment grew. -redcoats, 'Lobsters 4 sale, yankees
Tea Act Parliament/13 colonies gave British East India company control over Amer. tea trade, tax had to be paid on tea 1773 13 colonies Eng. had repealed several Acts-but passes tea act to show power over colonies
1st Continental Congress delegates from all colonies except for Georgia voted to ban all trade with Britian. Begin training troops 1774 Philadelphia to uphold colonial rights
2nd Continental Congress Adams, Hancock, Franklin, Washington, Herny, and others To form a continental army 1775 Philadelphia beginning to act like a government
Declaratory Act British Parliament/ colonists Parliament had supreme authority to govern colonies 1776 England>America passed after Parliament repealed Stamp Act, was ignored by colonists, tug of war between Parliament/13 colonies
Decleration of Independence Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, Roger Sherman, and Robert Livingston document proclaiming independence from England 1776 Philadelphia Jefferson-author-from Virginia, needed Virginia to paass decleration, decleration passed, colonies considered themselves independent
Loyalists colonists in support of Britain supported England in Revolutionary War 1763-1783 13 colonies Most were pacifists-opposed to war, loyalists/neutral-outnumbered Patriots
Patriots colonists in support of America independence from Britain supported America as an independent country 1763-1783 13 colonies -felt England had become too controlling, -less Patriots than Loyalists, -Were able to win Revolutionary War because the geography of colonies was too large for British Army to control
Albany Plan of Union Benjamin Franklin to unite colonies into a Grand council 1754 Albany, New York collect taxes, raise armies, make treaties, and start new settlements
Created by: amara07