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Rehabilitation and Therapeutic Modalities

What are the different types of joint movement? Abduction, adduction, Circumduction, Dorsiflexion, Eversion, Extension, Flexion, Hyperextension, Inversion, Plantar Flexion, Pronation, Rotation, Supination
What is Abduction? Motion away from the midline of the body
what is adduction? motion toward the midline of the body
what is circumduction cirular motion of a body part
what is dorsiflexion moving the foot upward at the ankle joint
what is eversion moving a body part outward
what is extension straightening of a body part
what is flexion bending of a body part
what is hyperextension a position of maximum extension, or extending a body part beyond its normal limits
what is inversion moving a body part inward
what is plantar flexion moving the foot downward at the ankle
what is pronation moving the arm so the palm is down
what is rotation turning a body part around its axis
what is supination moving the arm so the palm is up
What is ROM range of motion
what are the general precautions of performing ROM exercises? always move the patient's limbs gently within pain tolerance, use slow careful movements, always support the limb above and below the joint, use the supine position, ROM should never cause pain, repeat each movement several times or as prescribed by doc
What is goniometry? measurement of joint movement
What are the basic safety rules for transporting a patient in wheelchair? brakes are locked when transfering a patient into and out of chair and if a patient must be left alone, feet are placed on the footrest when in use, patient feels safe, back into and out of elevators, stay to the right side of corridors, backdown ramps
What are the three types of canes? standard or single-tipped, four-legged or quad cane, and walkcane or Hemiwalker
What are the different types of gaits with crutches? two-point gait, three-point gait, four-point gait, swing-to gait, and swing-through gait
What are the different types of crutches? axillary crutches, lofstrand or forearm cruthces, and platform crutch
What is active exercises? self-directed and performed by the patient without assistance
what is passive exercises? performed by another person with no voluntary participation from the patient
what is assisted exercises the patient voluntarily move weakened muscles with the use of an assistive device, such as a therapy pool
what is active resistance exercises? provide voluntary movement against various types of manual or mechanical pressure to increase muscle strength
What is electromyography? an instrument used to test the electrical activity of a muscle.
What can heat be used to do? relax muscle spasms, relieve pain in strained muscle or sprained joint, relieve localized congestion and swelling, increase drainage from an infected area, increase tissue metabolism and repair.
What is thermotherapy? acts on the body by causing vasodilation(dilation of the blood vessels) by heating up
What is cryotherapy? used to constrict blood vessels and slow or stop the flow of blood to an area with cold this process is called vasoconstriction
what is a danger when using too much heat? it can act to speed up the inflammatory process, which can lead to more serious problems, such as increased bleeding and swelling
What are the three types of conditions of heat and cold? length of time it is applied, the patient's condition, and the area or areas being treated
What are the different types of moist heat therapies? hot soaks, hot compresses and packs, paraffin wax bath.
what are the different types of dry heat therapies heating pads and packs
what are the different types of moist and dray cold modalities? cold compresses and packs, dry cold therapies, ice packs,
Created by: Seanmorrone