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FA MC Associations

Bacteremia/pneumonia (IVDA) S. aureus
Bacteria associated with cancer H. pylori
Bacteria found in GI tract Bacteroides (2nd most common is E. coli )
Brain tumor (adults) Mets > astrocytoma (including glioblastoma multiforme) > meningioma > schwannoma
Brain tumor (kids) Medulloblastoma (cerebellum)
Brain tumor––supratentorial (kids) Craniopharyngioma
Breast cancer Infiltrating ductal carcinoma (in the United States, 1 in 9 women will develop breast cancer)
Breast mass Fibrocystic change (in postmenopausal women, carcinoma is the most common)
Breast tumor (benign) Fibroadenoma
Bug in debilitated, hospitalized Klebsiella
Cardiac 1° tumor (adults) Myxoma (4:1 left to right atrium; “ball and valve”)
Cardiac 1° tumor (kids) Rhabdomyoma
Cardiac tumor (adults) Mets
Cardiomyopathy Dilated cardiomyopathy
Chromosomal disorder Down syndrome (associated with ALL, Alzheimer’s dementia, and endocardial cushion defects)
Chronic arrhythmia Atrial fibrillation (associated with high risk of emboli)
Congenital cardiac anomaly VSD
Constrictive pericarditis Tuberculosis
Coronary artery involved in thrombosis LAD > RCA > LCA
Cyanosis (early; less common) Tetralogy of Fallot, transposition of great vessels, truncus arteriosus
Cyanosis (late; more common) VSD, ASD, PDA (close with indomethacin; open with misoprostol)
Demyelinating disease Multiple sclerosis
Dietary deficit Iron
Epiglottitis Haemophilus influenzae type B
Esophageal cancer Squamous cell carcinoma
Gene involved in cancer p53 tumor suppressor gene
Group affected by cystic fibrosis Caucasians (fat-soluble vitamin deficiencies, mucous plugs/lung infections)
Gynecologic malignancy Endometrial carcinoma
Heart valve (rheumatic fever) Mitral valve (aortic is 2nd)
Heart valve in bacterial endocarditis Mitral
Heart valve in bacterial endocarditis in IVDA Tricuspid
Helminth infection (U.S.) Enterobius vermicularis (Ascaris lumbricoides is 2nd most common)
Hereditary bleeding disorder von Willebrand’s
Kidney stones Calcium = radiopaque (2nd most common is ammonium = radiopaque; formed by urease-positive organisms such as Proteus vulgaris or Staphylococcus)
Liver disease Alcoholic liver disease
Location of brain tumors (adults) Supratentorial
Location of brain tumors (kids) Infratentorial
Lysosomal storage disease Gaucher’s disease
Male cancer Prostatic carcinoma
Malignancy associated with noninfectious fever Hodgkin’s disease
Malignant skin tumor Basal cell carcinoma (rarely metastasizes)
Mets to bone Breast, lung, thyroid, testes, prostate, kidney
Mets to brain Lung, breast, skin (melanoma), kidney (renal cell carcinoma), GI
Mets to liver Colon, gastric, pancreatic, breast, and lung carcinomas
Motor neuron disease ALS
Neoplasm (kids) ALL (2nd most common is cerebellar medulloblastoma)
Nephrotic syndrome Membranous glomerulonephritis
Obstruction of male urinary tract BPH
Opportunistic infection in AIDS Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
Organ receiving mets Adrenal glands (due to rich blood supply)
Organ sending mets Lung > breast, stomach
Ovarian tumor (benign) Serous cystadenoma
Ovarian tumor (malignant) Serous cystadenocarcinoma
Pancreatic tumor Adenocarcinoma (head of pancreas)
Patient with ALL/CLL/AML/CML ALL—child, CLL—adult > 60, AML—adult > 60, CML—adult 35–50
Patient with Hodgkin’s Young male (except nodular sclerosis type––female)
Patient with minimal change disease Young child
Patient with Reiter’s Male
Pituitary tumor Prolactinoma (2nd––somatotropic “acidophilic” adenoma)
pneumonia patient
Preventable cancer Lung cancer
Primary bone tumor (adults) Multiple myeloma
Primary hyperparathyroidism Adenomas (followed by hyperplasia, then carcinoma)
Primary liver tumor Hepatoma
Renal tumor Renal cell carcinoma––associated with von Hippel–Lindau and acquired polycystic kidney disease; paraneoplastic syndromes (erythropoietin, renin, PTH, ACTH)
Secondary hyperparathyroidism Hypocalcemia of chronic renal failure
Sexually transmitted disease Chlamydia
Site of diverticula Sigmoid colon
Site of metastasis Regional lymph nodes
Site of metastasis (2nd most common) Liver
Sites of atherosclerosis Abdominal aorta > coronary > popliteal > carotid
Skin cancer Basal cell carcinoma
Stomach cancer Adenocarcinoma
Testicular tumor Seminoma
Thyroid cancer Papillary carcinoma
Tracheoesophageal fistula Lower esophagus joins trachea/upper esophagus––blind pouch
Tumor in men Prostate carcinoma
Tumor in women Leiomyoma (estrogen dependent)
Tumor of infancy Hemangioma
Tumor of the adrenal medulla (adults) Pheochromocytoma (benign)
Tumor of the adrenal medulla (kids) Neuroblastoma (malignant)
Type of Hodgkin’s Nodular sclerosis (vs. mixed cellularity, lymphocytic predominance, lymphocytic depletion)
Type of non-Hodgkin’s Follicular, small cleaved
Type of pituitary adenoma Prolactinoma
Vasculitis Temporal arteritis (risk of ipsilateral blindness due to thrombosis of ophthalmic artery)
Viral encephalitis HSV
Vitamin deficiency (U.S.) Folic acid (pregnant women are at high risk; body stores only 3- to 4-month supply)
Created by: megankirch