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CSD -Cardiac Rx

Cardiovascular Medications Indications and Side Effects

QuestionAnswer
ACE Inhibitors Indication to treat high blood pressure and heart failure; prevent constriction of blood vessels and retention of Na and fluid; improve sympathetic heart rate response during exercise in the early phase of MI to prevent heart failure
ACE Inhibitors Side Effects Persistent, dry cough, skin rash, loss of taste, weakness, headache, palpitations, incdrease of swellikng of feet or abdomen, increrase in dizziness or fainting (due to low BP) numbness or tingling of the hands, feet or lips renal failure
Diuretics Indication To increase the excretion of Na and water and control high pressure and fluid retention
Diuretics Side Effects Drowsiness, dehydration, electrolye imbalances, gout, nausea, pain, hearing loss, blood glucose abnormalities, elevated cholesterol and lipoproteinlevels, muscle cramps, dizziness, light-headedness
Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists Indications To vasoconstrict arterioles by blocking the effecgts of angiotensin II, enhance renal clearance of soium and water
Angiotensin Receptor Agonists Side Effects Dizziness, insomnia, anxiety, confustion, stroke, hypotension, visual changes, GI/GU effects, cough, upper respiratory infection, myalgia, many other various but less common side effects
Nitrates Indication For dilation of coronary arteries
Nitrates Side Effects Headache, dizziness, orthostatic hypotension, tachycardia
Calcium channel blockers Indications To dilate coronary arteries to lower blood pressure and supress some arrhythmias
Calcium channel blockers Side Effects Fluid retention, palpitations, headache from vasodilation, flushes, rash, dizziness
Beta Blockers Indications Relax the vessels of the heart muscle by blocking sympathetic conduction at beta receptors on the SA node and myocardial cells, producing a decline in the force of contraction and a reduction in heart rate, decrease in BP and myocardial O2 demand, angina
Beta Blockers Side Effects Insomnia, nausea, fatigue, slow pulse, weakness, increased cholesterol and blood glucose levels, nightmares, depression, sexual dysfunction, asthmatic attack, dizziness
Anticoagulant Indications To prevent blood clot formation
Anticoagulant Side Effects Easily bruising, joint or abdominal pain, difficulty in breathing or swallowing, paralysis, unexplained swelling, unusual or uncontrolled bleeding, rib and vertebral fractures
Cardiac glycosides Indications To stregthen the heart's pumping force to increase cardiac output and decrease electrical conduction through the AV node
Cardiac glycosides Side Effects Fatigue, lethargy, weakness, headache, visual disturbancer, cardiac disturbances (bradycardia, irregular heart rhythms), hypotension, anorexia, nausea, vomitting, diarrhea, CNS disturbances, electrolyte disturbances
Anti-platelet Indication To prevent platelet aggregation and subsequent clot formation
Anti Platelet Side Effects Gastric irritation (aspirin), bleeding or hemorrage, leg or pelvic pain, rash, atrial fibrillation, tachycardia, dizziness, confusion
Created by: aglade on 2005-10-10



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