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Ganymede Jupiter, 1
Titan Saturn, 2
Callisto Jupiter, 3
Io Jupiter, 4
Moon Earth, 5
Europa Jupiter, 6
Triton Neptune, 7
Titania Uranus,8
Rhea Saturn, 9
Oberon Uranus, 10
Named for the mythical boatman of the Greek underworld Charon
Charon in what planet Pluto
Pronounced differently to honor the wife of the discover Charon, Charlnene Christy
Largest moon relative to size of its orbiting planet Charon
Charon is in synchronous orbit with Pluto, and both show same face toward ea other at all time.
Some call Pluto and Charon this because of their relative sizes Double planet system
Charon’s surface Water ice
Named for the two sons of Ares and Aphrodite Deimos and Phobos
Phobos and Deimos discovered by Hall
Orbits closer to mars Phobos
Has the prominent feature, crater Stickney Phobos
Rises in the west and sets in the east, twice per Martian day Phobos
Why does not have synchronus orbit? because its radius is below the limit.
Will impact mars or leave within 50 million years Phobos
Smallest moon in solar system, was discovered two days before phobos Deimos
Asteroid brought into mars’ orbit after being disturbed by Jupiter Deimos
Heavily cratered, rich in carbon, and have water ice Deimos
Discovered in 1610 by Galileo Europa
the Gallilean moons. Europa, Callisto, Ganymede, Io )
Resembles Io and Earth, composition of silicate rocks Europa
Coated in thin layer of ice, causes it to be very smooth Europa
Ice layer may provide a thin atmosphere as hydrogen and oxygen are released when planet is exposed to sunlight.
There is possibility of an active sea of liquid water beneath the surface Europa
Most striking feature of surface is series of dark streaks that may be due to geysers or volcanic eruptions Europa
Larger than mercury but only half its mass Ganymede
Thought to have a 3 layered structure of a molten iron core, silicate mantle, ice exterior Ganymede
Surface marked by older, dark, highly cratered regions, mixed with lighter grooved regions Ganymede
Grooves indicate tectonic activity but not very recently - Ganymede
Named for lover of Zeus Io
Formed of silicate rock like Europa Io
Dotted with active volcanoes, calderas, and signs of geological activity Io
Eruptions believed to consist of sulfurous compounds that comprise thin atmosphere Io
Tidal warming from gravity of Jupiter and other satellites Io
Heated electrically from currents produced by Jupiters magnetic field Io
Discovered by Kuiper Nereid
Nereid Neptune
Discovered Miranda, Titan’s atmosphere, and asteroid belt Kuiper
Named for the daughters of Nereus and Doris Nereid
Most eccentric orbit of any satellite 13.9.6 km Nereid
Oddity of this orbit indicates it is likely a captured asteroid Nereid
Named for king of fairies in a midsummer night’s dream Overon
Second largest or Uranus’ satellites, and outermost of large satellites Oberon
Large faults are visible across southern hemisphere Oberon
Surface is heavily cratered, indicating long term tectonic stability Oberon
Craters have dark floors that could possibly indicate post impact upwellings of water Oberon
Largest of Saturn satellites Titan
Measurements are difficult because Titan’s major characterstic: substantial atmosphere Titan
Atmosphere mix Nitrogen (80%) and methane (20%) and argon trace Titan
Discovered by Herschel Titania
Named for queen of fairies Titania
Surface is mix of craters and valleys Titania
Began as liquid and then cooled surface first Titania
Ice had formed, the interior, freezing forced surface cracks which formed valleys Titania
Appearance of some craters where ice appears to have melted and filled in Titania
Titania Uranus
Titan Saturn
Oberon Uranus
The largest of neptune’s satellites Triton
unusual retrograde orbit, indicates that it was not part of natural formation of other moons Triton
Seismic activity in the form of ice volcanoes Triton
Tenuous nitrogen-methane atmosphere,southern hemisphere ice cap of nitrogen and methane Triton.
Odd rotational axis which tends to alternate polar and equatorial regions facing the sun Triton
Created by: kiler10z