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Ancient Egypt Cards

Ancient Egypt Vocab

QuestionAnswer
Theocracy A type of government in which rule is based on religious authority
Rosetta Stone The key to understanding hieroglyphics
Hieroglyphics Form of ancient writing that used pictures and symbols
Dynasty Family of rulers whose right to rule is hereditary
Polytheism Belief in many gods
Monotheism Belief in one god
Mummification Process of preserving the body after death with chemicals
Empire Form of government that unites different territories and people under one ruler
Papyrus Paper made from the stem of a plant
Pharaoh Title for an Egyptian ruler; means “Great House”
Scribes Clerks who read and wrote hieroglyphics
Caravans Groups of people traveling together for safety over long distances
Hyksos Group of advanced people who took control of Egypt with their scimitars and chariots
Menes First Egyptian pharaoh; united Upper and Lower Egypt (Old Kingdom)
King Tutankhamen Young boy pharaoh whose tomb was found untouched in the "Valley of the Kings". Restored Egypt to polytheism. (New Kingdom)
Amenhotep IV Attempted to make Egypt monotheistic by banning all the Egyptian gods accept the sun god (New Kingdom)
Cleopatra Woman pharaoh who tried to reunite Egypt but failed and the Roman Empire took over (New Kingdom)
Mentuhotep Pharaoh who creates two national work projects to create farm land and new transportation routes (Middle Kingdom)
Thutmose III Step-son of the first female pharaoh who ruled in the New Kingdom (New Kingdom)
Hatshepsut First female pharaoh (New Kingdom)
Ramses II Called “The Great”. He built many temples and monuments
Created by: Jrafter on 2009-06-10



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