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Praxis352

Special Education Test

QuestionAnswer
Instruction supports or services needed by student to access instruction, such as a braille writer, preferential seating or books on tape. This does not change curriculum or subject covered. Accommodations
Changes made to the curriculum, environment, or the expectations in order to meet the student's needs such as limiting the number of math problems or exemption from certian tasks. Modifications
More widely used in reference to facilities and equipment needed by a student during instruction, such as wheelchair accessibility, special furniture or posting a daily picture chart. This may also be reflected under a 504. Adaptations
Teacher specifically provides additional support. Direct Instruction
Addresses the different abilities, strengths & needs of various learners & their style of learning. Differentiated Instruction
Nine areas of learning to be addressed in classrooms. Multiple Intelligence Strategies
A student assisting another student with a disability in his studies. Peer Tutoring
Everything in the environment, in learning & in products, should be accessible to everyone. Universal Design
Any item, high or low tech, piece of equipment or product system used to remove barriers/solve problems for students w/disabilities. Assistive Technology
Supports students w/oral language problems. Augmentative Technology
Suports all students, but especially helpful for those w/physical disabilities, hearing and visual impairments/ Assistive Technology
Provides drills & practice for students who have problems in basic skill areas & motivation. Instructional Technolgy
For students with reading problems. Oral Reading Software
Supports students w/written expression deficits. Word Processing Software
Skills or techniques that maybe used to assist a student in learning the curriculum. Ex-visual clues, flip charts and color coded words. Strategies
The breakdown of a task into component parts. Chained Response
Allows student to remember and organize large amounts of information. Chunking
Strategy that supports a student as she needs help and eventually fades out as she gains mastery. Contingent Teaching
Teaching students how to learn instead of teaching the particular content. Learning Strategy Approach
Technique where a visual, auditory or tactile cue is presented to facilitate the completion of a task. Prompting
Application of a learned behavior or skill to another setting. Response Generalization
Observing student to see what he can do, assisting till he understands the how and why and can perform himself. (direct instruction, tutoring, modeling and independance) Scaffolding
Goals are broken into smaller steps & sequenced while keeping the learner's pace in focus. Task Analysis
Functional Behavior Assessment FBA
Behavior Intervention Plan BIP
Inappropriate behavior considered more damaging & serious than others. Acting out Behavior
Determine how & why a student responds to certain events, situation or the environment the way he does. Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA)
Applied Behavior Analysis ABA
Public school placement when student can not function in a traditional setting. Alternative School Placement
A stimulas used in behavior management & behavior modifications that occurs prior to the behavior & establishes the reson for the behavior. Antecendent
Stratigies or actions used to extinguish, change or redirect an inappropriate behavior. (Positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, aversive intervention) Behavior Intervention
an evaluation tool that lists specific observable behaviors to assess the severity, frequency & type of exhibited behaviors. Behavioral Rating Scales
Stumulas that follows a behavioral action used in behavior management or modification to increase or decrease the behavior. Consequences
Written agreement between teacher and student. Contingency Contract
Strategy which a function or task is broken down into steps that are rewarded immediately in a trail by trail basis. Discrete Trial Training
Use of imitation by a student to set in place the desired behaviors. Modeling
Student is motivated to used desired behavior to avoid a negative consequence. Negative reinforcement
Behavior continues beyone typical end point - student demonstrates difficulty switching tasks. Perseveration
Student is motivated to use desired behavior bacause of an obtainable reward Positive reinforcement
Behavior selected for intervention. Behavior modification = undesireable behavior, behavior management = positive behavior. Target Behavior
Professionals work together and used expertise of one other. Collaboration
Includes communication and cooperation between professionals for ensured delivery to students. Coordination
Professionals work together/share methods and strategies. Consultation
2 or more teachers work together to plan, instruct and assess students. Co-teaching
Professionals work independently of each other. Multidisciplinary
Professioanls conduct independent assessments but communicate and collaborate. Interdisciplinary
High level of coordination and envolvement between professionals. Transdisciplinary
This plan must be in place by student's 16th birthday and part of formal IEP. Individual Transition Plan (ITP)
Individual Transition Plan ITP
The 4 key areas of an ITP Post secondary education, employment, independent living and community envolvement.
Created by: cmporter on 2009-06-08



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