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Chapter 3&4 Review

Test review for Chapter 3 & 4

-ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -eal, -ic, -ical, -ile, ior, -ous, -tic...are suffixes that mean... Pertaining to, Relating to
-esis, -ia, -ism...are suffixes that mean... Condition
-iatry is a suffix that means medicine, treatment
-ician, -ist are suffixes that mean Specialist
-icle, -ole, -ule are suffixes that mean Small, minor
The plural form of -a -ae
The plural form of -ax -aces
The plural form of -en -ina
The plural form of -is -es
The plural form of -ix and -ex -ices
The plural form of -ma -mata
The plural form of -on and -um -a
The plural form of -us -i
The plural form of -y -ies
epi above, upon
hypo- under, below, deficient
infra- ,sub- under, below
inter- between
post- after, behind
pre- ,pro- before, in front
retro- backwards
bi- two, both
dipl(o)- double
hemi- one half
hyper- excessive, above normal (increasing)
macro- large
micro- small
mono-,uni- one
multi- ,poly- many, much
primi- first
quadri- four
tri- three
ab- from, away from
ad- towards
circum- around (movement)
peri- around (position)
dia- through, across (movement)
trans- through, across (position)
ecto- ,exo- ,extra- outside, outward
endo- ,intra- in, within
para- near, beside; beyond
super- ,supra- upper, above, excessive, superior
ultra- excess, beyond
a- ,an- without, not
anti-, contra- aganist
brady- slow
dys- bad, painful, difficult
eu- good, normal
hetero- different
homo- ,homeo- same
mal- bad
pan- all
pseudo- false
syn- ,sym- union, together, joined
tachy- rapid
Levels of organization 1st: cell 2nd: tissue 3rd: organ 4th: systen 5th: organism
Types of tissue Epitheial, Connective, Muscle, Nervous
Major parts of a cell.. Cell membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus
RUQ Right Upper Quadrant
LUQ Left Upper Quadrant
RLQ Right Lower Quadrant
LLQ left Lower Quadrant
The Spine is divided in to these sections.. Cervical(neck), thoracic(chest), lumbar(loin), sacral(lower back), coccyx(tail bone)
Movement away from the median plan of the body or one of its parts ABduction
Movement toward the median plane ADduction
Pertaining to the midline of the body structure Medial
pertaining to the side lateral
Toward the hear or upper portion of a structure Superior
Away from the head or towards the tail or lower part of a structure Inferior (caudal)
Nearer to the center (trunk of the body) or from the point of attachment to the body Proximal
Further form the center (trunk of the body) or from the point of attachment to the body Distal
Near the front of the body Anterior (ventral)
Near the back of the body Posterior (dorsal)
Pertaining to the outer layer of the outer wall of the body cavity Parietal
Pertaining to the inner layer of the outer wall of the body cavity (viscera) Visceral
Lying horizontal with the face downward, or indicating the hands with the palms turned downward Prone
Lying on the back face upward, or indicating the position of the hand or foot with the palm or foot facing upward Supine
Turning inward or inside out Inversion
Turning outward Eversion
Pertaining to the palm of the hand Palmer
Pertaining to the sole of the foot plantar
Towards the surface of the body Superficial
away from the surface of the body (internal) Deep
Cell Cyt/o
Tissue hist/o
nucleus nucle/o, kary/o
Cranium (skull) crani/o
far, farthest dist/o
back (of the body) dors/o
side later/o
middle medi/o
near, nearest proxim/o
belly, belly side ventr/o
neck, cervix uteri (neck of uterus) cervic/o
ilium (lateral, flaring portion of the hip bone) ili/o
groin inguin/o
loins, lower back lumb/o
naval umbilic/o
white albin/o, leuk/o
green chlor/o
color chrom/o
yellow cirrh/o, jaund/o,
Blue cyan/o
red erythr/o
black melan/o
gray; gray matter (of brain or spinal cord) poli/o
extremity acr/o
cause eti/o
unknown, peculiar idi/o
form, shape, structure morph/o
radiation, x-ray; radius (lower arm bone on thumb side) radi/o
body somat/o
sound son/o
internal organs viscer/o
dry xer/o
Anatomical Position Facing foward feet parallel, arms to the side hands facinf foward with thumbs pointing up.
Divides the body left and right Midsagittal Plane
Divides the bodys Anterior and Posterior Coronal or Frontal plane
Divides the bodys Superior and Inferior Transverse of Horizontal plane
Major organ of the Cranial Cavity Brain
major organ of the Spinal Cavity Spinal cord
The Dorsal Cavity contains... (types of cavities) Cranial, Spinal
The Ventral Cavity contains...(types of cavities) Thoracic, Abdominopelvic
Major organs of the Thoracic Cavity Heart, Lungs, and associated structures
Major organs of the Abdominopelvic Cavity Digestive, excretory and reproductive organs and structures
Possible causes for disease metabolic , infectious, congenital, hereditary, environmental, neoplastic
A metabolic cause for disease can be decribed as a problem with the bodys metabolism
A infectious cause for a disease can be described as contagious, involving microrganisms, passed from one person to another
A congenital cause for disease can be decsribed as be initiated in utero (after conception, before birth)
An enviromental disease can be described as having been influenced by outside contaminants or elements
A neoplastic disease can be described as having an abnormal growth
Gel-like substance that surrounds the nucleus of a cell but contained within the cell membrane cytoplasm
identification of a disease or condition by scientific evaluation of physical signs, symptoms, history, laboratory, and clinical tests results, and radiolographic procedures Diagnosis
Study of the causes of disease Etiology
pertaining to conditions without clear pathogenesis, or disease without recognizable cause, as of spontaneous origin Idiopathic
Prediction of the course and end of a disease and the estimated chance of recovery prognosis
Any objective evidence or manifestation of an illness or disordered function of the body Sign
Any change in the body or its functions as preceived by the patient symptom
study of the body at the cellular level Cytology
Body cells perform these types of activites activites associated with life, including obtaining nourishment, eliminating waste and reproducing
Organs are.. Body structures composed of at least two or more tissue types that perform specialized functions
Systems are... composed of varying number of organs and accessory structures that have similar or interrelated functions
An Organism is... a complete living entity capable of independent existance. Consists of a number of systems.
Branch of medicine concerned with the use if radiation, ultrasound and imaging techniques for diagnosis and treatment of a disease and injury Radiology
Created by: ErikaB302