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Chap two

assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand on June 28,1914 an event that triggered WWI
Triple Alliance Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy
Triple Entente France, Russia, and Britain
militarism a nation's policy of enlisting, training, equipping, and maintaining armed forces ready for war
balance of power Germany had been rapidly expanding its army, and other European countries expanded their armies to maintain the balance of power
Canada was automatically at war with the rest of the British Empire after Britain declared war on Germany Canada had become a political union in 1867, but Britain still controlled the foreign policy of all its dominions
English-speaking Canadians support the war a strong patriotic feeling for Great Britain and the Empire
PM Borden didn't offered all the volunteers to Britain
Canada's Minister of Militia Sam Hughes put in charge of Canada's armament industry
War Measures Act the act that PM Borden introduced which granted the Canadian government the authority to do everything necessary during the war time
recent immigrants from Germany and Austro-Hungarian Empire under the War Measures Act, they had to carry special identity cards and were sent to internment camps
war technology new weapons, machine guns, U-boats, poison gas
the Battle of Ypres French and Canadian troops were blinded, burned, and killed when Germans used chlorine gas
the Battle of Somme almost 85% of the Royal Newfoundland Regiment were killed or wounded (almost 24000 casualties)
the Battle of Vimy Ridge the victory marked a Canadian milestone
Passchendaele the 'victory' cost over 15000 Canadian lives in Belgium
Victory Bonds Canadians were urged to buy Victory Bonds that they could cash in, with interest, when the war was over
Canana's economy booming factories, emloyers, and wheat increased hugely during the war time
new role of women women's contribution to the labour force(women were hired for all types of jobs); women were allowed to vote in some provinces
propaganda designed by government to persuade people to support the war
the Halifax Disaster a French vessel carrying dynamite was accidentally hit by another ship, which caused an explosion in Halifax's harbour
the conscription crisis Borden introduced the Military Service Act, a bill that would make enlistment compulsory, after he came back from Vimy Ridge
French-English Canadian relations the relations between French- and English-speaking Canadians became strained over restrictions in the use of French in schools outside Quebec
Czar Nicholas Czar Nicholas of Russia was forced to abdicate in March of 1917 and a provisional Russian government was formed
US joins the War after sinking of Lusitania by German U boats 1917
the sign of armistice the war ended at 11 a.m., November 11,1918
Paris Peace Conference the sign of Treaty of Versailles, the document that eventually set out the terms of the peace agreement in 1919
the league of nations established by the Treaty of Versailles
"collective security" if one member state of the League came under attack, all members were to cooperate in suppressing the aggressor
Created by: sjeong