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Rhetorical Device Ex

60 Rhetorical Devices

But the lake was not, in fact, drained before April. Expletive(single word or short phrase, usually interrupts normal syntax)
She likes pickles, olives, raisins, dates, pretzels. Asyndeton(lack of conjunction between each words, phrase, or clause)
They read and studied and wrote and drilled. Polysyndeton(use of a conjuction between each word, phrase, or clause)
The 1906 San Fransisco earthquake interrupted business somewhat in the downtown area. Understatement(deliberatly states something as less than it really is)
Heat waves are not rare in the summer. Litotes(form of understatement, denying the opposite of the words which would've been used)
He liked to eat watermelon and to avoid grapefruit. Parallelism(recurrent syntactical similarity)
He labors without complaining and without bragging rests. Chiasmus(reverse parallelism, A-B, B-A structure)
Fred excelled at sports; Harvey at eating; Tom with girls. Zeugma(includes several similar rht. dvcs., all invloving correct linkage of 2+ parts of speech by another part of speech)
Success makes men proud; failure makes them wise. Antithesis(makes a clear, contrasting relationship between 2 ideas by juxtaposing them)
To think on death it is a misery, To think on life it is a vanity; To think on the world verily it is, To think that here man hath no perfect bliss. Anaphora(repition of same word(s) at the beginning of successive phrases)
Where affection bears rule, there reason is subdued, honesty is subdued, good will is subdued... Epistrophe(repetition of same words(s) comes at the end of successive phrases)
Pleasure might cause her read, reading might make her know. Anadiplosis (repeats the lst words of one phrase, clause, or sentence at or near the beginning of the next)
She fed the goldfish every day with the new pellet. Gradually the golsdfish began to turn a brighter orange than before. Cunduplicatio (repeats a key word from preceeding phrase at the beginning of the next)
To report that your comittee is still investigating the matter is to tell me that you have nothing to report. Epanalepsis (repeats beginning word of a clause or sentence at the end)
What behavior, then, is uniquely humahn? My theory is this... Hypophora (raises 1+ questions, and then answers them)
Is this the end to which we are reduced? Rhetorical Question (raises a question, but does not answer it)
But someone might say that this battle really had no effect on history. Such a statement could arise only from ignoring the effect the battle had on the career of General Bombast, who was later a principal figure at the Battle of the Bulge. Procatalepsis (anticipates an objection and answering it)
I have hitherto made mention of his noble enterprises in France, and now I will rehearse his worthy acts done near Rome. Metabasis (brief statement of what has been said and what will follow)
To make methanol for 25 cents a gallon is impossible; by "impossible" I mean currently beyond our technological capabilities. Distinctio (reference to a particular meaning)
In my hunger after 10 days of dieting I say visions of ice cream-mountains of ice creamy, luscious ice cream, dripping with gooey syrup and calories. Amplification (restatement with additional detail)
We succeeded, we were victorious, we accomplished the feat! Scesis Onomaton (string of genreally synonomous statements)
I will pass over the fact that Jenkins beats his wife and is an alcoholic, because we will not allow personal matters to enter our discussion. Apophasis (emphasizes something by passing over it)
Fido was the friendliest of all St. Bernards, nay, of all dogs. Metanoia (recalls a statement and expresses it in a different way)
I'm not sure whether to side with those who say higher taxes reduce inflation or with those who say higher taxes increase inflation. Aporia (expresses doubt or deliberation)
I see men, but they look like trees. Simile (compares 2 unlike things using "like" or "as")
Knowledge always desires increase: it is like fire, which must first be kindled by some external agent, but which will afterwards propagate itself. Analogy (compares 2 things which are alike in several respects)
I am the bread of life. Metaphor (comparison that identifies one thing as another)
I will speak daggers to her. Catachresis (extravagent implied metaphor using words in an alien way)
If I had some wheels, I'd put on my best threads, and ask for Jane's hand in marriage. Synecdoche (part stands for the whole, the whole for a part)
The orders cam directly from the White House. Metonymy (closely associated object is substituted for the object or idea in mind)
This coffee is strong enough to get up and walk away. Personification (applying human like characteristics to a non-human object)
There are a thousand reasons why more research is needed on solar energy. Hyperbole (an exaggeration)
If you take his parking place, you can expect WWII all over again. Allusion (reference to a famous historical or literary fugure or event)
An earthworm is the Hercules of the soil. Eponym (subs for an attribute the name of a famous person recognized for that attribute)
Jumbo shrimp. oxymormon (paradox reduced to 2 words)
-Untroubled sleep-In an age of pressurized happines, we sometimes grow insensitive to subtle flaws. -Epithet(adjective that qualifies a subject)-Transferred Epithet(epithet that normally wouldn't work, but metaphorical meaning is clear)
She had a personality indescribable. Hyperbaton (departure from normal word order)
The lazy lions licked their lollipops lethargicly. Alliteration (repetition of initial consanant sounds)
Bzzzz, Moooo, Hisssss Onamontapoeia (words that sound like the real sound)
But all reasons notwithstanding, dear reader, does not the cost in lives persuade you? Apostrophe (interrupts the discussion and addresses directly a person)
He is an American citizen, so he is entitled to due process. Enthymeme (omits premise or conclusion, the omitted part must then be assumed, Ex: all Americans recieve due process)
The concerto was applauded at the House of Baron von Schnooty, it was praised highly at court, it was voted best concerto of the year by the Academy, and it has become known today as the best concerto in the world. Climax (arranges ideas in order of increasing importance)
We will do it, I tell you; we will do it. Diacope (repetition of a word or phrase after an intervening word or phrase)
Ask not what you can do for rhetoric, but what rhetoric can do for you. Antimetabole (reversing order of repeated words or phrases)
It was a cool 115 degrees in the shade. Anitphrasis (one word irony)
What do you see? Wires, wires, everywhere wires. Epizeuxis (repetition of one word)
I've got to make the team or I'll--. Aposiopesis (stopping abruptly, leaving the statement unfinished)
Be careful with these two devices because improperly used they can--well, I have caustioned you enough. Anacoluthon (finishing a sentence with a diff. gramatical structure)
I love her eyes, her hair, her nose, her cheeks, her lips[ect.] Enumeratio (detailing parts)
True, he always forgets my birthday, but he buys me presents all year round. Antanagoge (placing a good point or benefit next to a fault or criticism to reduce the impact)
The Starfish went into dry-dock, it got a barnacle treatment, it went back to work. Parataxis (writing successive independent clauses)
They asked the question because they were curious. Hypotaxis (using suboridination to show the relationship between clauses)
As the saying is, art is long and life is short. Sententia (quoting a wise saying)
Let me give you an example. In the early 1920's... Exemplum (citing an example)
We heard it with our own ears. Pleonasm (being redundant)
Cheetah Wheelies Assonance (similar vowel sounds repeated in successive words)
This car is extremely sturdy and durable. It's low maintenance; things never go wrong with it. Of course, if you abuse it, it will break. Dirimens Copulatio (mentioning an opposing fact to prevent the argument from being one-sided)
To think clearly and rationally should be a major goal for man; but to think clearly and rationally is always the greatest difficulty faced by man. Symploce (one words/phrase is repeated at the beginning and another word/phrase is repeated at the end)
The piano keys were like elongated teeth. Qualified Metaphor or Simile (adding a reducing or qualifying epithet to a metaphor or simile to soften its boldness)
Henry Jameson, the boss of the operation, always wore a red baseball cap. Appositive ( a noun placed next to another noun to be defined by the appositive)
We noticed at the meetin a wondrous assembly of aints, heroes, demi-gods, angellic warriors, English professors, and supermen. Equality by Associaton (dissimilar item is placed in a list of similar items)
Created by: skittleme010