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Test 5

Review for Friday's test.

TermDefinition
Jamestown The first successful English colony started in 1607
Plymouth English colony started in 1620 by Pilgrims
Purpose of Jamestown founding To find gold and a northwest passage to Asia
Purpose of Plymouth founding For religious freedom for the Pilgrims
Captain John Smith Led colonists at Jamestown
Pocahontas Native American who may have saved John Smith's life
tobacco The English settlers at Jamestown began to make money by growing this crop
Mayflower Compact Document signed by Pilgrims and others aboard the Mayflower. They agreed to work together to make laws and govern Plymouth.
democracy when people have a say in how they are governed
Squanto Native American who helped the Plymouth settlers survive
William Bradford Governor of the Plymouth Colony
House of Burgesses It was the first representative government in what became the United States.
Magna Carta By signing this document the King of England agreed that everyone had to follow the laws of England. He also agreed that everyone had certain rights such as a trial by a jury,
Separatists or Saints Other names for the Pilgrims
The great charter The meaning of the name Magna Carta
Transatlantic Slave Trade The term that refers to the enslavement and forced relocation of millions of Africans to the Americas between the 1500s and the 1800s.
Puritans Christians who left England and founded the Massachusetts Bay Colony near Plymouth.
Great Migration Refers to the movement of thousands of Puritans to Massachusetts between 1630 to 1640.
Salem Witch Trials Trials of people accused of witchcraft in colonial Massachusetts between 1692 and 1693.
John Winthrop A Puritan who was one of the founders of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
Anne Hutchinson She was banished from Massachusetts Bay Colony for questioning the teachings of Puritan ministers.
Roger Williams He was banished from Massachusetts Bay Colony and founded Rhode Island. He believed in the separation of church and state.
Thomas Hooker He left Massachusetts Bay Colony with his settlers and founded Connecticut.
Middle Passage Refers to the voyage of slave ships from Africa to the Americas.
Separation of church and state The idea that the government should not support any specific church.
Created by: Mr.Carson