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Chap. 15 Terms

WSHS - C/E - Chapter 15 Terms - Boyd/Tedder

precedent a ruling of an earlier, similar case
statute a written act by the legislative branch of a government
common law law that is based on court decisions rather than legal code
lawsuit a civil case that goes before a court
libel the printing of false, damaging information about someone
plaintiff the party who brings legal charges against another
defendant the individual or group accuses of a crime
felony a crime that carries serious penalties, such as a long prison term
tort a civil wrong that may involve an injured person who is seeking relief through damages
misdemeanor a lesser offense that carries a jail sentence of less than a year
burglary the unlawful entry into any dwelling or structure with the intention to commit a crime
larceny taking away another person's property with the intention of never returning it
constitutional law the branch of law that deals with the formation, construction, and interpretation of constitutions
robbery taking property from someone using forceful threats
due process of law law that states that the government may not take the lives, liberty, or property of citizens except through proper exercise of law
search warrent a document that gives authorities permission to search private property
grand jury a jury that examines serious accusations against a person charges with a crime to determine whether enough evidence exists to bring that person to trial
stare decisis "let the decision stand" the process that includes following rules or principles established by earlier judicial decisions
bill of attainder a law that punishes a person accused of a crime without a trial or a fair hearing in court
writ of habeas corpus if arrested, authorities must take you to court and inform you of what you did wrong
double jeopardy a person who is tried for a crime and found not guilty may not be retried for the same crime
plea bargining the negotiation that takes place between the defense attorney and the prosecutor so that the defendant may plead guilty to a lesser charge
ex post facto law allows a person to be punished for an action that was not against the law when the person did it
bail a sum of money that an arrested person pays to a court to be released from jail until the trial begins
Created by: ktedder