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Landmark Cases

A review of key Landmark Supreme Court Cases

Brown v Board of Education This Landmark Case determined that separate facilities are not equal and discrimination is unconstitutional.
Plessy v Ferguson This Landmark Case determined that it is constitutional to have separate facilities (train cars, schools, etc) and the division can be based on race. Separate is equal.
This case overturned Plessy v Ferguson Brown v Board of Education
Dred Scott v Sandford This case determined that slaves could not take their case to be heard in the Supreme Court because they were property. (Resulting in the continued enslavement of those who had been taken to free territory)
Gideon v Wainright This Landmark Case determined that one is always entitled to an attorney and if one cannot afford one, an attorney will be provided.
Marbury v Madison This Landmark Case established judicial review.
Hazelwood v Kuhlmeier This Landmark Case determined that schools can infringe on the First Amendment rights of students in school sponsored activities (e.g. newspaper)
Korematsu v US This Landmark Case upheld the military action ordering the internment of Japanese Americans during WWII saying the internment was constitutional.
Mapp v Ohio This Landmark Case determined that evidence obtained illegally (without a valid search warrant) cannot be used in any way during a trial.
Miranda v Arizona This Landmark Case determined that one must always be read his/her rights upon arrest
New Jersey v TLO This Landmark Case determined that a school has the right to search a student i f the school has "reasonable suspicion" which is less than the "Probable Cause" required for law enforcement.
Regents v Bakke The issue of affirmative action in college applications was addressed, while the applicant won in this case, the Court determined race could still play a role in admissions.
Texas v Johnson This Landmark Case determined that burning the US Flag is constitutional under the First Amendment.
Tinker v Des Moines This Landmark Case determined that symbolic speech (in this case, armbands) is allowed under the First Amendment
US v Nixon This Landmark Case established the parameters of Executive Privilege
Landmark Case A case that stands in history as key or pivotal to an issue, event, or experience.
Created by: wwolfe