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science chapter 4

QuestionAnswer
shape of solid definite
volume of solid definite
arrangement of solid tightly packed
motion of solid vibrate in place
shape of gas non definite
volume of gas non definite
arrangement of gas spread apart
motion of gas move freely
shape of liquid non definite
volume of liquid definite
arrangement of liquid close enough to pass each other
motion of liquid able to slide past
melting solid to liquid
vaporization liquid to gas
sublimation solid to gas
freezing liquid to solid
condensation gas to liquid
crystalline solid regular repeating pattern , form crystals
amorphous solid no pattern, shape-less
Boyles Law pressure and volume. inverse relationship. volume of a gas increases the pressure decreases (vice versa)
Charles Law volume and temperature. direct proportion. one factor increases so does the other (vice versa)
Archimedes Principle buoyancy and density. the buoyant force is equal to the weight of the fluid disguised by the object.
Pascals Principle force and pressure. if a force exerted in a confined fluid it is transmitted uncharged through the entire cloud.
density mass/volume
pressure force/area
unit for pressure pascal (P)
atmospheric pressure the pressure exerted by the air
melting point the temperature at which a solid melts
freezing the changing of a liquid to a solid at the freezing point
condensation the changing of a gas into a liquid
boiling occurs below the liquids surface at the boiling point
vaporization changing a liquid to a gas
melting point the temperature at which a solid melts
melting changing a solid to a liquid