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Bryz Final Review

TermDefinition
Acetabulum hip socket
Malleolus rounded, bony protuberance on the ankle
Manubrium bone that forms the upper portion of the sternum
Metacarpals bones that form the palms of the hand
Metatarsals bones that form part of the foot
-ia abnormal condition
-ic pertaining to
kinesi/o movement
my/o muscle
-plegia paralysis
angi/o blood or lymph vessel
aort/o aorta
arteri/o artery
ather/o plaque, fatty substance
brady- slow
lymphangi/o lymph vessel
neo- new or strange
-oma tumor
phag/o eat, swallow
-plasm formation
bronch/o bronchus
nas/o nose
laryng/o larynx
ox/o, ox/y oxygen
pharyng/o pharynx
enter/o stomach
esophag/o esophagus
gastr/o small intestine
hepat/o liver
-lithiasis presence of stones
caus/o burning sensation
concuss/o shaken together
contsu/o bruise
encephal/o brain
-esthesia sensation, feeling
ophthalm/o eye, vision
-opia visual condition
presby/o old age
ot/o ear
phak/o lens
cutane/o skin
rhytid/o rash
seb/o sebum
urtic/o rash
xer/o dry
pituitar/o pituitary
poly- many
somat/o body
thym/o thymus, soul
thyr/o, thyroid/o thyroid
-graphy process of producing a picture or record
hemat/o blood
lapar/o abdomen
-otomy surgical incision
phleb/o vein
Hallux valgus Also known as a bunion
orthotic appliance specially designed to correct or compensate for an impair limb
vertebrae bony structural units of the spine
arthroscopy visual examination of the internal structure of a joint
podiatrist specialist who diagnoses and treats disorders of the foot
crepitation grating sound when broken bone ends move together
osteonecrosis death of bone tissue due to insufficient blood supply
contracture when normally elastic tissues are replaced by nonelastic fibrous tissues
heel spur calcium deposit in the plantar fascia near its attachment to the heel bone
carpal tunnel occurs when the tendons of the wrist become inflamed and swollen
hernia protrusion of a part of a structure through the tissues normally containing it
exercise physiologist develops, implements, and coordinates exercise programs to promote physical fitness
plantar fasciitis inflammation of the plantar fascia
range of motion diagnostic procedure evaluating joint mobility
impingement when inflamed and swollen tendons are caught in the narrow space between the bone and shoulder joint
shin splint painful condition when the muscles tear away from the shin bone
paralysis loss of sensation and voluntary muscle movement
aneurysm localized balloon-like enlargement of an artery's wall
diuretic medication administered to rid the body of excess sodium and water
defibrillation electrical shock to restore the heart's normal rhythm
pericardium double-walled membranous sac that encloses the heart
ventricular tachycardia rapid heartbeat beginning with the ventricles
sickle cell genetic disorder that causes abnormal hemoglobin and red blood cells to assume a sickle-shape
cholesterol Has a form known as LDL That can be harmful because of plague buildup in the arteries
myocardial infarction also known as a heart attack
anticoagulant medication that slows coagulation and prevents new clots from forming
electrocardiogram record of the electrical activity of the myocardium
immunosuppressant medication that prevents or reduces the body's normal immune response
antibody disease-fighting protein created by the immune system in respose to the presence of a specific antigen
systemic reaction response to an allergen, also known as anaphylaxis
allergen substance that produces an allergic reaction in an individual
anaphylaxis Commonly known as anaphylactic shock, can be life-threatening response to an allergen
antibiotic medication capable of inhibiting growth of or killing pathogenic bacterial microorganisms
mammography radiographic examination of the breasts to detect the presence of tumors or precancerous cells
myoma benign tumor made up of muscle tissue
splenomegaly abnormal enlargement of the spleen
immunodeficiency disorder occurs when the immune response is compromised
asphyxia when the body cannot get the air it needs to function
cheyne-stokes respiration alternating pattern of slow breathing, absence of breathing, and rapid breathing
pertussis commonly known as whooping cough, this is a bacterial infection of the upper respiratory tract
otolaryngologist specialist in disorders of the ear, nose, and throat
hypopnea shallow or slow respiration
epistaxis commonly known as nosebleed
bronchospasm contraction of the smooth muscle in the walls of the bronchi that tighten and squeeze the airway shut
endotracheal intubation passing a tube through the mouth and trachea to establish and maintain an open airway
emphysema progressive loss of lung function commonly attributed to smoking
pulse oximeter external monitor to measure the oxygen saturation level in the blood
xerostomia lack of adequate saliva
crohn's disease chronic autoimmune disorder that is most often found in the ileum and in the colon
regurgitation return of swallowed food into the mouth
peristalsis wavelike contractions of the smooth muscles in a single direction
jaundice yellow discoloration of the skin and eyes
hyperemesis extreme, persistent vomiting
ulcerative colitis chronic condition of repeated episodes of inflammation, ulcers, and irritation in the rectum/large intestine
enteritis inflammation of the small intestine
colonoscopy visual examination of the inner surface of the colon from the rectum to the cecum
syncope commonly known as fainting
lethargy lowered level of consciousness marked by listlessness, drowsiness, and apathy
alzheimer's disease group of disorders that lead to dementia marked by deterioration affecting memory and reasoning capabilities
autism group of conditions in which young children have difficulty developing normal social relationships, compulsively follow routines, and frequently have poor communication skills
migraine headache characterized by throbbing pain
shaken baby condition of a child being violently shaken by someone
post-traumatic stress disorder development of characteristic symptoms after a traumatic event with the patient feeling fear, helplessness, and horror
bell's palsy temporary paralysis of the seventh cranial nerve, causing drooping only on the affected side of the face
dura mater thick, tough, outermost membrane of the meninges
parkinson's disease Degenerative central nervous system disorder with progressive loss of control over movement
audiometry Use of an audiometer to measure hearing acuity
photophobia Excessive sensitivity to light
glaucoma Group of diseases characterized by increased intraocular pressure
nystagmus Involuntary, constant, rhythmic movement of the eyeball
ptosis Drooping of the upper eyelid usually due to paralysis
conjunctivitis Commonly known as pinkeye
myopia Nearsightedness
hyperopia Farsightedness
sensorineural hearing loss When the auditory nerve or hair cells in the inner ear are damaged
albinism deficiency or absence in the skin, hair, and irises of the eyes
xeroderma Excessively dry skin
actinic keratosis Potentially precancerous skin growth caused by excessive exposure to the sun
alopecia Baldness
dermatitis inflammation of the skin
eczema form of dermatitis associated with severe itching, redness, blistering, and oozing
diaphoresis profuse sweating
hematoma swelling of clotted blood trapped in the tissues
necrotizing fasciitis Flesh-eating bacteria, can destroy body tissue and be fatal
thyroxine hormone T4, secreted by the thyroid, influences the rate of metabolism
adrenalitis inflammation of the adrenal glands
luteinizing hormone (LH) stimulates ovulation in the female and production of the female sex hormone progesterone. In males it stimulates the secretion of testosterone
diabetes insipidus Caused by insufficient production of the antidiuretic hormone or by the inability of the kidneys to respond to the antidiuretic hormone
oxytocin secreted by the pituitary gland stimulating uterine contractions during childbirth
antidiuretic maintains water balance within the body by promoting reabsorption of water through the kidneys
norepinephrine both a hormone and a neurohormone playing an important role in the fight or flight response
interstitial cell stimulating stimulates ovulation in the female and secretion of testosterone in the male
diabetic retinopathy when diabetes damages the tiny blood vessels in the retina in the eye
estrogen important in the development and maintenance of the female secondary sex characteristics and in the regulation of the menstrual cycle
auscultation Listening through a stethoscope
percussion tapping the body surface for diagnostic purposes
arthrocentesis Surgical puncture of the joint space to remove synovial fluid
echocardiography Evaluates the structures and motion of the heart
acupuncture Traditional Chinese medical practice using very thin needles inserted into specific points of the body
magnetic resonance imaging uses radio waves and a strong magnetic field to create diagnostic images of any plane through the body
acetaminophen analgesic that reduces pain and fever but does not relieve inflammation
stridor abnormal, high-pitches, musical breathing sound caused by blockage in the throat or larynx
contraindication Factor in the patient's condition that makes the use of a particular medication or intervention dangerous or ill-advised
compliance A patient's consistency and accuracy in following the regimen prescribed by a physician or other health care professional
placebo substance that contains no active ingredients but is given for its suggestive effects
perfusion flow of blood through an organ
rhonchi also known as wheezing, refers to coarse rattling sounds
patella Bone of the kneecap
mandible only movable bone of the skull
xiphoid process lower part of the sternum
revision surgery replacement of a worn or failed implant
Colles' fracture when a person tries to stop a fall by landing on her/his hands
Closed Fracture type of fracture known as simple or complete
Tibia larger bone in the lower leg
Flexion To bend a limb at the joint
Plantar Flexion bend the foot downward at the ankle
Strain injury to the body of a muscle or attachment of a tendon
Bradycardia slow resting heartbeat
Plaque fatty deposit on an artery wall
Ischemic Heart Disease group of cardiac disabilities resulting from an insufficient supply of oxygenated blood to the heart
Stent wire mesh placed in an artery to provide support
Influenza high contagious viral respiratory infection known as the flu
Thymus mass of lymphoid tissue located above the heart
Natural immunity Also known as passive immunity
Apnea Temporary absence of spontaneous respiration
Trachea Commonly known as the windpipe
Rhinorrhea Runny nose
Sigmoid Colon Fourth part of the colon that joins the rectum
Halitosis Bad breath
Bruxism Condition of involuntary clenching of the teeth during sleep
Emesis Vomiting
Transient Ischemic Attack Temporary interruption in the blood supply to the brain
Learning Disabilities Disorder found in children of normal intelligence who have difficulties learning specific skills
Generalized Anxiety Disorder Disorder characterized by chronic, excessive, worrying
Scotoma Known as a blind spot
Monaural Testing Testing that involves one ear
Otalgia Earache
Enucleation Removal of the eyeball
Laceration Jagged wound
Second-degree burn involves blisters and damage to the dermis/epidermis
Hyperhidrosis Excessive swearing
Crust Also known as a scab
Melanocyte-Stimulating This hormone increases pigmentation of the skin
Lobectomy Surgical removal of one lobe of the thyroid gland
Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone Caused by overproduction of antidiuretic hormone
Created by: ebryzgornia