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Terms

musculoskeletal

TermDefinition
ankylosis stiffening of a joint, especially as a result of disease
arthralgia severe joint pain
arthritis any of various conditions involving joint inflammation
atrophy wasting away of tissue, organs, & cells, usually as a result of disease or loss of blood supply
bony necrosis death of portions of bone
bunion an inflamed bursa at the foot joint, between the big toe & the first metatarsal bone
bursitis inflammation of a bursa
calcar spur
carpal tunnel syndrome pain & paresthesia in the hand due to repetitive motion injury of the median nerve
chondromalacia softening of cartilage
closed fracture fracture with no open skin wound
colles fracture fracture of the lower end of the radius
comminuted fracture fracture with shattered bones
complex fracture fracture with part of the bone displaced
complicated fracture fracture involving extensive soft tissue injury
compound fracture fracture with an open skin wound; open fracture
compression fracture fracture of one or more vertebrae caused by compressing of the space between the vertebrae
contracture extreme resistance to the stretching of a muscle
crepitation, crepitus noise mad bey rubbing together of bones
degenerative arthritis arthritis with erosion of the cartilage
dislocation movement of a joint out of its normal position as a result of an injury or sudden, strenuous movemnet
distonia abnormal tone in tissues
epiphysitis inflammation of the epiphysis
exostosis abnormal bone growth capped with cartilage
flaccid without tone; relaxed
fracture a break, especially in a bone
gouty arthritis, gout inflammation of the joints, present in gout; usually caused by uric acid crystals
greenstick fracture fracture with twisting or bending of the bone but no breaking; usually occurs in children
hairline fracture fracture with no bone separation or fragmentation
herniated disk protrusion of an intervertebral disk into the neural canal
hypertrophy abnormal increase as in muscle size
hypotonia abnormally reduced muscle tension
impacted fracture fracture in which a fragment from one part of the fracture is driven into the tissue of another part
incomplete fracture fracture that does not go entirely through a bone
kyphosis abnormal posterior spine curvature
leiomyoma benign tumor of smooth muscle
leiomyosarcoma malignant tumors of smooth muscle
lordosis abnormal anterior spine curvature resulting in a sway back
muscular dystrophy progressive degenerative disorder affecting the musculoskeletal system and, later, other organs
myalgia muscle pain
myeloma bone marrow tumor
myodynia muscle pain
myoma benign muscle tumor
myositis inflammation of a muscle
open fracture fracture with an open skin wound; compound fracture
ostealgia bone pain
osteoarthritis arthritis with loss of cartilage
osteodynia bone pain
osteoma benign bone tumor, usually on the skull or mandible
osteomyelitis inflammation of the bone marrow and surrounding bone
osteoporosis degenerative thinning of bone
osteosarcoma malignant tumor of bone
pathological fracture fracture occurring at the site of already damaged bone
phantom limb; phantom pain pain felt in a paralyzed or amputated limb
physical therapy movement therapy to restore use of damaged areas of the body
podagra pain win the big toe, often associated with gout
rhabdomyoma benign tumor in striated muscle
rhabdomyosarcoma malignant tumor in striated muscle
rheumatoid arthritis autoimmune disorder affecting connective tissue
irckets disease of the skeletal system, usually caused by vitamin D deficiency
rigidity stiffness
rigor stiffening
sciatica pain in the lower back, usually radiating down the leg, from a herniated disk or there injury or condition
scoliosis abnormal lateral curvature of the spinal column
sequestrum piece of dead tissue or bone separated from the surrounding area
simple fracture fracture with no open skin wound
spasm sudden, involuntary muscle contraction
spastic tending to have spasms
spina bifida congenital defect with deformity of the spinal column
spinal curvature abnormal curvature of the spine
spondylolisthesis degenerative condition in which one vertebra misaligns with the one below it; slipped disk
spondylolysis degenerative condition of the moving part of a vertebra
sprain injury to a joint without dislocation or fracture. (can involve a ligament). this is worse than a strain and often takes longer to heal than does a fracture & can be more painful
spur bony projection growing out of a bone; calcar
strain injury to a muscle as a result of improper use or overuse
subluxation partial dislocation, as between joint surfaces
talipes calcaneus deformity of the heal resulting from weakened calf muscles
talipes valgus foot deformity characterized by eversion of the foot
talipes varus foot deformity characterized by inversion of the foot
tendinitis, tendonitis inflammation of a tendon
tatany painfully long muscle contraction
tremor abnormal, repetitive muscle contractions
amputation cutting of a limb or part of a limb
arthrocentesis removal of fluid from a joint with use of puncture needle
arthrodesis surgical fusion of a joint to stiffen it
arthroplasty surgical replacement or repair of a joint
bone grafting transplantation of bone from one site to another
bunionectomy removal of a bunion
bursectomy removal of a bursa
casting forming a cast in a mold; placing of fiberglass or plaster over a body part to prevent its movement
external fixation device device applied externally to hold a limb in place
internal fixation device device, such as a pin, inserted in bone to hold it in place
laminectomy removal of part of an intervertebral disk
myoplasty surgical repair of muscle tissue
orthosis, orthotic external appliance used to immobilize or assist the movement of the spine or limbs
osteoclasis breaking of a bone in order to repair or reposition it
osteoplasty surgical replacement or repair of bone
osteotomy cutting of a bone
prosthetic device artificial device used as a substitute for missing or diseased body part
reduction return of a part to its normal position
splinting applying a splint to immobilize a body part
spondylosyndesis fusion of two or more spinal vertebrae
synovectomy removal of part or all of a joint's synovial membrane
tenotomy surgical cutting of a tendon
traction dragging or pulling or straightening of something, as a limb, by attachment of elastic or other devices
Created by: Kass.Ignacio