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HolyFamCo Vocab 1

Week 1-8 History Vocabulary

TermDefinition
schism a split or division caused by differences in opinion or belief. (think: "scissors")
monotheism belief in only one God
crusades medieval military expeditions meant to free the Holy Land from Muslims
Holy Sepulcher tomb where Jesus was laid after he died and where he rose again
pilgrim person who is journeying to a holy place for religious reasons
pilgrimage a journey made to a sacred place out of religious devotion
polytheism belief in many gods
Koran Muslim book of sacred writings
excommunication when the Church says that a person may not receive the sacraments on account of serious wrongdoing
monastery a building or buildings where a community of monks or nuns live
cell a small room in which a monk or nun sleeps
cloister enclosed garden or courtyard of a monastery, not open to outsiders
Vespers evening prayer
Matins morning prayer
convent a community of nuns
abbot a man who is the head of an abbey of monks
abbess a woman who is the head of a community of nuns
guild a medieval association of craftsmen or merchants, often having considerable power
master a fully skilled artist or worker of a particular craft or trade
apprentice a young person who spends several years learning a trade or craft from a master for little or no pay
journeyman one who has fully served an apprenticeship and is now a qualified paid worker
masterpiece a thing of outstanding artistry and skill made by a journeyman so he can become a master
peddler a person who goes from place to place selling small goods
accolade a touch on a person's shoulders with a sword when he is made a knight
siege when enemy forces surround a town or castle to cut off food and supplies
thrall a person who is in bondage; slave
literacy the ability to read and write
illiterate unable to read or write
feudalism medieval social system in which people worked and fought for nobles who gave them protection and the use of land in return
serf a person who is forced to work on a plot of land in feudal system
lord a man of highest rank in a feudal society
Created by: LatinGeek