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Musculoskeletal

Pathologies - (PTA - Irongirl)

QuestionAnswer
Osteoarthritis Chronic disease in the weight bearing jts. that cause degeneration of articular cartilage. Most common jts affected: C5-C6, lumbar spine, hips & knees. Affects men more than women. Bouchard's nodes (PIP) & Heberden's nodes (DIP)
Rheumatoid Arthritis Systemic Autoimmune Disorder that cause chronic inflammation of the synovial tissues that result in erosion of cartilage and supporting structures. Women affected more than men. Boutonniere (DIP ext)& (PIP flexion),Swan neck (DIP flex & PIP Hyperext)
Pediatric - Talipes Equinovarus "Clubfoot"
Osteogenesis Imperfecta "Brittle Bones Disease" Connective tissue disorder that affects the formation of collagen during bone development.
Torticollis Unilateral contracture of the SCM. Lateral flexion to same side as contracture with rotation to opposite side & facial asymmetries.
Legg-Calve-Perthes Degeneration of the femoral head due to lack of blood supply (avascular necrosis). Decreased ROM, antalgic gait, positive trendelenburg sign
Osgood-Schlatter Repeated tension to the patella tendon over the tibial tuberosity resulting in avulsion of the tuberosity and swelling.
Created by: irongirl