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Rome-Unit2

Rome

TermDefinition
Roman Empire Began in 27 BCE with Augustus - the empire brought many advancements and enduring impacts that we still see today (aqueducts, bridges, roads). The empire was conquered by Germanic tribes in 476 C.E.
Germanic Tribes Groups that invaded the Roman Empire between 300 - 500 CE. They attacked and burned the capital city of Rome, and by 500 had set up their own kingdoms (Franks, Visigoths, Anglo Saxons, etc). They led to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire.
Pax Romana 200 year period of peace in Rome.
Aqueducts Bridge-like stone structures that carry water from the hills into Roman cities
Christianity A monotheistic system of beliefs and practices based on the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus as shown in the New Testament; emphasizes the role of Jesus as a savior
Council of Plebs The system by which laws were made by direct democracy, Part of the Roman legislative branch, made up of all plebeians
Roman Consul Two patricians elected for a one year term; similar powers to today's president
Emperor A man who rules different groups of people throughout a large area.
Dictator A ruler who has complete power over a country; usually takes power by force
Magistrate a public official authorized to decide questions bought before a court of justice
Patrician In ancient Rome, a member of the privileged upper class.
Plebeian an ordinary citizen in the ancient Roman republic
Roman Senate A council of wealthy and powerful Romans that advised the city's leaders
Roman Tribune an official elected by the plebeians to protect their rights
Legionary Roman soldier
Republic a government where the leader is voted into office by the citizens
Forum Open space in Rome that served as a marketplace and public square
Julius Caesar 100-44 B.C. Roman general who ended Rome's Republic and became its dictator in 45 B.C.
Veto means "to forbid" in latin; Roman leaders used it to say no to laws
Depose To remove from office or power
Created by: Ksnedy