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BMT Organ Donation

Vocabulary for Organ Donation Unit

allocation the system of ensuring that organs and tissues are distributed fairly to patients who are in need
blood vessels the arteries, ceins adn capillaries through which bleed circulates. Blood cessels can be donated and transplanted
bone dense tissue that forms the skeleton. bone can be donated and transplanted.
bone marrow soft tissue located in the cavities of bones. bone marrow is the source of all blood cells and can be donated and transplanted.
brain dead occurs when a person's brain activity stops permanently. it is impossible to return to life after brain death.
cadaveric donors also called non-living donors, are those who donate their organs or tissue after they have been declared brain dead.
connective tissue forms the supportive and connective structures of the body.
cornea the transparent outer coat of the eyeball that covers the iris and pupil. corneas can be donated and transplanted.
donation is the art of giving one's organs or tissue to someone else.
end-stage organ disease a disease that leads ultimately to functional failure of an organ. some examples are emphysema, cardiomyopathy, and polycystic kidney disease.
tendon tough tissue that connects a muscle with a bone.
transplant centers hospitals or medical centers that perform organ and/or tissue transplants.
transplantation allogeneic callograft transplantation between genetically different members of the same species. Nearly all organ and bone marrow transplants are allografts. these may be between brothers and sisters, parents, and children or between donors and recipients.
transplantation autologous transplantation of an organisms own cell autologous transplantation may be used to repair or replace damaged tissue autologous bone marrow transplantation replaces the damaged bone marrow by cancer therapies with marrow that was removed prior to treatment
transplantation, xenogeneic transplantation between members of different species. example: transplantation of animal organs into humans
organ procurement organization (OPO) organizations that coordinate activities relating to organ retrival. examples: evaluating potential donors, discussing donation with donor family, educating the public about the need to donors and arranging for the removal/transport of donated organs
pancreas long oddly shaped gland that secretes pancreatic juice that helps digestion. it can be donated.
procurement the process of retrieving organs/tissue from donors.
recepient person recieving the donation.
skin tissue that covers the body externally and can be donated.
end-stage renal disease (ESRD) life-threatening kidney disease that minorities suffer frequently. ESRD is treatable with dialysis. the preferred treatment is kidney transplantation that offers the patient freedom from dialysis and a more normal lifestyle.
heart a muscular organ that pumps blood through the body. the heart can be transplanted and donated.
heart valves a tissue that prevents the back flow of the blood into the heart. the vavles can be donated and transplanted.
immunosuppressive drugs chemical agents that cause the human body not to produce antibodies that normall fight off foreign material. the production of these antibodies needs to be suppressed in order to permit the acceptance to the donor organ by the recipient's body
intestines the portion of the digestive track extending from stomach to anun consisting of upper and lower segments. the intestines can be donated and transplanted
kidneys a pair of organs that maintain proper water and electrolyte balance, regulate acid base concentration and filter the blood of metabolic waste, which is excreted as urine. they can be donated and transplanted.
liver a large reddish-brown organ that secretes bile and is active in the formation of certain blood proteins and in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and proteins. the liver can be donated and transplanted
living donors are individuals who donate a kidney, part of the lung or part of the liver while they are still alive
lungs a pair of two spongy organs that remove carbon dioxide from the body and blood and provides it with oxygen. the lungs can be donated and transplanted.
middle-ear contains three small bones, or ossicles, known because of their shapes as the hammer, anvil and stirrup. the ear is the organ of hearing and equilibrium. the middle-ear can be donated and transplanted.
Created by: Tricia Miller