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Bryz Ch. 14 Med Term

Medical Terminology Chapter 14 Terms

TermDefinition
cervic/o cervix
colp/o vagina
-gravida pregnant
gynec/o woman, female
hyster/o uterus
mast/o breast
men/o menstruation, menses
orchid/o testicles
ov/o egg, ovum
ovari/o ovary
-para to give birth
-pexy surgical fixation
salping/o uterine (fallopian tube)
test/i testicle, testis
vagin/o vagina
amenorrhea Abnormal absence of menstrual periods for 90 days or more
amniocentesis Surgical puncture with a needle to obtain a specimen of amniotic fluid
andropause ADAM (Androgen Decline in the Aging Male), marked by the decrease of the male hormone testosterone
apgar score Scale of 1 to 10 to evaluate a newborn infant's physical status at 1 and 5 minutes after birth
azoospermia Absence of sperm in the semen
cervical dysplasia Presence of precancerous changes in the cells that make up the inner lining of the cervix
cervicitis Inflammation of the cervix that is usually caused by an infection
chlamydia caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis, most commonly reported STD in the United States and requires treatment with antibiotics
chorionic villus sampling Examination of cells retrieved from the chorionic villi, which are minute, vascular projections on the chorion
colostrum Specialized form of milk that delivers essential nutrients and antibodies in a form that the newborn can digest
colpopexy Vaginofixation, surgical fixation of a prolapsed vagina to a surrounding structure such as the abdominal wall
colporrhaphy Surgical suturing of a tear in the vagina
colposcopy Direct visual examination of the tissues of the cervix and vagina
dysmenorrhea Pain caused by uterine cramps during a menstrual period
eclampsia More serious form of preeclampsia, characterized by convulsions and sometimes coma
ectopic pregnancy Extrauterine pregnancy, potentially dangerous condition in which a fertilized egg is implanted and begins to develop outside of the uterus
endocervicitis inflammation of the mucous membrane lining of the cervix
endometriosis Condition in which patches of endometrial tissue escape the uterus and become attached to other structures in the pelvic cavity
epididymitis Inflammation of the epididymis that is frequently caused by the spread of infection from the urethra or the bladder
episiotomy Surgical incision made into the perineum to enlarge the vaginal orifice to prevent tearing of the tissues as the infant moves out of the birth canal
fibroadenoma Round, firm, rubbery mass that arises from excess growth of glandular and connective tissue in the breast
fibrocystic breast disease Presence of single or multiple benign cysts in the breasts
galactorrhea Production of breast milk in a woman who is not breastfeeding
gonorrhea Can cause abnormal discharge and painful urination with the genitalia but can also affect the mouth, throat, and anus. Symptoms are more prominent with men.
hematospermia Presence of blood in the seminal fluid
hydrocele Fluid-filled sac in the scrotum along the spermatic cord leading from the testicles
hypomenorrhea Unusually small amount of menstrual flow during a shortened regular menstrual period
hysterectomy Surgical removal of the uterus
hysterosalpingography Radiographic examination of the uterus and fallopian tubes
hysteroscopy direct visual examination of the interior of the uterus and fallopian tubes
leukorrhea Profuse, whitish mucus discharge from the uterus and vagina
mastalgia mastodynia, pain in the breast
mastopexy Breast lift, mammoplasty to affix sagging breasts in a more elevated position
menarche Beginning of the menstrual function
menometrorrhagia Intermenstrual bleeding, excessive uterine bleeding at both the usual time of menstrual periods and at other irregular intervals
metrorrhea Abnormal discharge, such as mucus or pus, from the uterus
neonate What a newborn infant is known as during the first 4 weeks after birth
nulligravida Woman who has never been pregnant
nullipara Woman who has never had a viable child born
obstetrician Physician who specializes in providing medical care to women during pregnancy
oligomenorrhea Term used to describe infrequent or very light menstruation in a woman with previously normal periods
oophorectomy Ovariectomy, surgical removal of one or both ovaries
orchidectomy Orchiectomy, surgical removal of one or both testicles
orchiopexy Repair of an undescended testicle
ovariorrhexis Rupture of an ovary
perimenopause Designated the transition phase between regular menstrual periods and no periods at all
Peyronie's disease Penile curvature, form of sexual dysfunction in which the penis is bent or curved during erection
placenta previa Abnormal implantation of the placenta in the lower portion of the uterus
polycystic ovary syndrome Condition caused by hormonal imbalance in which the ovaries are enlarged by the presence of many cysts formed by incompletely developed follicles
preeclampsia Complication of pregnancy characterized by hypertension, edema, and proteinuria
priapism Painful erection that can last 4 or more hours and can be caused by medications, blood-related diseases, or trauma as well
primigravida Woman during her first pregnancy
primipara Woman who has had one viable child born
pruritus vulvae Severe itching of the external female genitalia
salpingo-oophorectomy Surgical removal of the fallopian tube and ovary
syphillis Highly contagious and is passed by contact with a chancre which is a sore caused by the disease
trichomoniasis Trich, infection that can cause discharge from the genitalia and painful urination. Symptoms are more prominent with women
uterine prolapse Pelvic floor hernia, condition in which the uterus slides from its normal position in the pelvic cavity and sags into the vagina
varicocele Knot of widening varicose veins in one side of the scrotum
vasovasostomy Vasectomy reversal, procedure performed as an attempt to restore fertility to a vasectomized male
Created by: ebryzgornia