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Bryz Ch. 9 Terms

Medical Terminology Chapter 9 Terms

TermDefinition
-cele hernia, tumor, swelling
cyst/o urinary bladder, cyst, sac of fluid
dia- through, between, apart, complete
-ectasis stretching, dilation, enlargement
lith/o stone, calculus
-lysis breakdown, separation, setting free, destruction, loosening
nephr/o kidney
-pexy surgical fixation
pyel/o renal pelvis, bowl of kidney
-tripsy to crush
ur/o urine, urinary tract
ureter/o ureter
urethr/o urethra
-uria urination, urine
ablation treatment of prostate cancer based on removing the body part or destruction of its function
anuria Absence of urine formation by the kidneys
benign prostatic hyperplasia enlargement of the prostate gland that most often occurs in men older than age 50
chronic kidney disease progressive loss of renal function over months or years
cystitis inflammation of the bladder
cystocele hernia of the bladder through the vaginal wall
cystolith stone located within the urinary bladder
cystopexy surgical fixation of the bladder to the abdominal wall
cystoscopy visual examination of the urinary bladder with a specialized endoscope
dialysis procedure to remove waste products, such as urea, creatinine, as well as excess water from the blood of a patient whose kidneys are no longer functioning
diuresis increased output of urine
end-stage renal disease Final stage of chronic kidney disease, and is fatal unless kidney functions are successfully replaced by dialysis or transplants
enuresis involuntary discharge of urine
epispadias Congenital abnormality of the urethral opening which places it higher than normal
extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy most common kidney stone treatment with high-energy ultrasonic waves
glomerulonephritis A type of nephritis caused by glomeruli that causes red blood cells and proteins to leak into the urine
hemodialysis process where waste products are filtered directly from the patient's blood
hydronephrosis Dilation of one or both kidneys
hydroureter distention (swelling) of the ureter with urine that cannot flow because the ureter is blocked
hyperproteinuria presence of abnormally high concentration of protein in the urine
hypoproteinemia presence of abnormally low concentration of protein in the urine
hypospadias Congenital abnormality of the urethral opening which places it lower than normal
incontinence inability to control the excretion of urine, feces, or both
interstitial cystitis Chronic inflammation of the walls of the bladder
intravenous pyelogram radiographic study of the kidneys and ureters
nephrolith Kidney stone
nephrolithiasis Presence of stones in the kidney
nephrolysis Surgical freeing of the kidneys from adhesions
nephrons microscopic functional units of each kidney
nephropathy any disease of the kidney
nephroptosis Suppuration (formation of pus) of the kidney
nephropyosis suppuration of the kidney
nephrostomy Placement of a catheter to maintain an opening from the pelvis of one or both kidneys to the exterior of the body
nephrotic syndrome Group of conditions which excessive amounts of protein are lost through the urine
neurogenic bladder Urinary problems caused by interference with the normal nerve pathways associated with urination
nocturia frequent and excessive urination during the night
nocturnal enuresis urinary incontinence during sleep
oliguria scanty (smaller amount of) urination
percutaneous nephrolithotomy surgical removal of a nephrolith through a small incision in the back
peritoneal dialysis When the peritoneal cavity doesn't normally act as the filter to remove waste from the blood, the dialysate fluid is inserted to absorb waste and then drained
polycystic kidney disease Genetic disorder characterized by growth of numerous fluid-filled cysts in the kidneys
polyuria excessive urination and is a common symptom of diabetes
prostatism disorder resulting from the compression or obstruction of the urethra due to benign prostatic hyperplasia
pyeloplasty surgical repair of the ureter and the renal pelvis
pyelotomy surgical incision into the the renal pelvis
suprapubic catheterization placement of a catheter into the bladder through a small incision made through the abdominal wall just above the pubic bone
uremia Toxic condition when waste normally secreted into the urine is instead retained in the blood
ureterectasis Distention (enlargement) of a ureter
ureterolith stone located anywhere along the ureter
ureterorrhagia discharge of blood from the ureter
ureterorrhaphy surgical suturing of the ureter
urethritis inflammation of the urethra
urethropexy surgical fixation of the urethra to nearby tissue
urethrorrhagia Bleeding from the urethra
urethrostenosis Narrowing of the urethra
urethrotomy surgical incision into the urethra for relief of stricture
urinary catheterization insertion of a tube into the bladder to allow urine to drain from the bladder
vesicovaginal fistula abnormal opening between the bladder and vagina that allows constant involuntary flow of urine from the bladder into the vagina
voiding cystourethrography diagnostic procedure where a fluoroscope is used to examine the flow of urine from the bladder and through the urethra
Wilms tumor Rare type of malignant tumor of the kidney that occurs in young children
Created by: ebryzgornia