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Bryz Ch. 15 Med Term

Medical Terminology Chapter 15 Terms

albumin/o albumin, protein
calc/i calcium, lime, the heel
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid
creatin/o creatinine
glycos/o glucose, sugar
-graphy the process of producing a picture or record
hemat/o blood, relating to the blood
lapar/o abdomen, abdominal wall
-otomy cutting, surgical incision
phlebo/o vein
radi/o radiation, x-rays
-scope instrument for the visual examination
-scopy visual examination
son/o sound
-uria urination, urine
acetaminophen Analgesic that reduces pain and fever, bud does not relieve inflammation; does not have negative side affects like NSAID's
acupuncture Traditional Chinese touch therapy involving finger pressure applied to specific areas of the body to restore the flow of qi
albuminuria presence of protein albumin in the urine
analgesic Class of drugs that relieve pain without affecting consciousness
arthrocentesis Surgical puncture of the joint space to remove synovial fluid for analysis to determine the cause of pain or swelling in a joint
auscultation Listening for sounds within the body usually with a stethoscope
bacteriuria presence of bacteria in the urine
calciuria presence of calcium in the urine
compliance Patient's consistency and accuracy in following the regimen prescribed by a physician or other health care professional
computed tomography Uses thin, fan-shaped x-ray beam that rotates around the patient to produce multiple cross-sectional views of the body
contraindication A factor in the patient's condition that makes the use of a medication or treatment dangerous or ill-advised
creatinuria increased concentration of creatinine in the urine
echocardiography Ultrasonic diagnostic procedure used to evaluate the structures and motion of the heart
endoscope Small flexible tube with a light and a lens on the end
fluoroscopy Visualization of body parts in motion by projecting x-ray images on a luminous fluorescent screen
glycosuria presence of glucose in the urine
hematuria presence of blood in the urine
hyperthermia extremely high fever, abnormally high body temperature
hypothermia abnormally low body temperature
idiosyncratic reaction Unexpected reaction to a drug that is peculiar to the individual
intervention radiology Use of radiographic imaging to guide a procedure such as a biopsy
intradermal injection into the middle layers of skin
intramuscular injection directly into the muscle tissue
ketonuria presence of ketones in the urine
laparoscopy visual examination of the interior of the abdomen with the use of a laparoscope that is passed through a small incision in the abdomen
lithotomy position Patient is lying on the back, face up, with the feet and legs raised and supported in stirrups
magnetic resonance imaging Uses radio waves and magnetic fields to create signals that are converted into images of any plane through the body
ophthalmoscope instrument used to examine the interior of the eye
otoscope instrument used to examine the external ear canal and tympanic membrane
palliative Substance that eases the pain or severity of symptoms of a disease, but does not cure it
parenteral Taken into the body or administered that isn't through the digestive tract
percussion Diagnostic procedure designed to determine the density of a body part by the sound produced by tapping the surface with fingers
perfusion Blood flow through an organ
pericardiocentesis Puncture of the pericardial sac for removing fluid
phlebotomy Puncture of a vein for drawing blood
placebo Inactive substance such as a sugar pill or liquid, that is only administered for its suggestive effects
positron emission tomography Combine tomography with radionuclide tracers to produce enhanced images of selected body organs or areas
prone position patient is lying on the abdomen face down
proteinuria presence of an abnormal amount of proteins in the urine
pyuria presence of pus in the urine
radiolucent A substance that allows x-rays to pass through and appears black/dark gray on film
radiopaque A substance that doesn't allow x-rays to pass through and appears white/gray on film
rale abnormal crackle-like lung sound during inspiration
recumbent Any position where the patient is lying down
rhonchi Coarse rattling sounds caused by secretions in the bronchial airways
Sims' position patient is lying on the left side with the right knee and thigh drawn up with the left arm placed along the back
Single photon emission computed tomography Type of nuclear imaging test that produces 3D computer-reconstructed images showing perfusion through tissues and organs
speculum instrument used to enlarge the opening of any canal or cavity so that the interior can be inspected
sphygmomanometer The gauge used to measure someone's blood pressure
stethoscope Instrument used to listen to sounds within the body
stridor Abnormal, high-pitched, musical breathing sound caused by a blockage in the throat or in the larynx
subcutaneous injection into the fatty layer just below the skin
transdermal Medication administered from a patch that is applied to unbroken skin
transesophageal echocardiography Ultrasonic imagining technique used to evaluate the heart structures
ultrasonography Imaging of deep body structures by recording the echoes of sound wave pulses above the range of human hearing
urinalysis Examination of the physical and chemical properties of urine
antipyretic Medication administered to reduce fever
bruit Abnormal sound or murmur heard during auscultation of an artery
hematocrit Percentage, by volume, of a blood sample occupied by red cells
Intravenous injection
Created by: ebryzgornia