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Bryz Ch. 3 Med Term

Medical Terminology Chapter 3 Terms

Ankyl/o Crooked, bent, stiff
Arthr/o Joint
Chondr/i, chondr/o Cartilage
cost/o Rib
Crani/o Skull
-desis To bind, tie together
kyph/o Bent, hump
Lord/o curve, swayback, bent
-lysis Loosening or setting free
myel/o Spinal cord, bone marrow
Oss/e, oss/i, ost/o, oste/o bone
scoli/o bent, curved
spondyl/o vertebrae, vertebral column, backbone
synovi/o, synov/o synovial membrane, synovial fluid
acetabulum (hip socket) large circular cavity in each side of the pelvis connecting the head of the femur to the hip joint
allogenic Originating from another
ankylosing spondylitis Form of rheumatoid arthritis causing inflammation of the joints between the vertebrae
arthrodesis Surgical fusion of two bones to stiffen a joint
arthrolysis Surgical loosening of an ankylosed joint
arthroscopy Visual inspection of the internal structure of a joint
autologous Originating within an individual
chondroma Slow-growing benign tumor derived from cartilage cells
chondromalacia Abnormal softening of the cartilage
comminuted fracture occurs when the bone is splintered or crushed
compression fracture (crush fracture) occurs when bone is pressed together
costochondritis Inflammation of the cartilage connecting a rib to the sternum
craniostenosis Malformation of the skull due to the premature closure of the cranial sutures
crepitation Grating sound when the ends of bone moves together
dual x-ray absorptiometry Low exposure radiographic measurement of the spine and hips to measure bone density
fibrous dysplasia Bone disorder that destroys bone tissue and replaces it with fibrous tissue
hallux valgus (bunion) abnormal enlargement of the join at the base of the great toe
hemarthrosis Blood within a joint
hemopoletic Pertaining to the formation of blood cells
internal fixation Fracture treatment when a plate or pins are placed directly into the bone to hold the broken pieces in place
juvenile rheumatoid arthitis Autoimmune disorder affecting children 16 and under with the symptoms of stiffness, pain, joint swelling, skin rash, fever, slowed growth, and fatigue
kyphosis Abnormal increase in the outward curvature of the thoracic spine from the side
laminectomy Surgical removal of a lamina or posterior portion of a vertebra
lordosis Abnormal increase in the forward curvature of the lumbar spine
lumbago (low back pain) pain from the lumbar region of the spine
malleolus Rounded bony projection on the tibia and fibula on the sides of each ankle joint
manubrium The bony structure that forms the upper portion of the sternum
metacarpals The five bones that form the palm of the hand
metatarsals The five bones that form the part of the foot to which the toes are attached
myeloma Cancer occurring in the blood-making cells found in the red bone marrow
open fracture (compound fracture) when the fractured bone punctures the skin
orthopedic surgeon Physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders involving the bones, joints, and muscles
orthotic Mechanical appliance that controls, corrects, compensates for impaired limb function
osteitis Inflammation of a bone
osteoarthritis (wear-and-tear arthritis) is most commonly associated with aging
osteochondroma A benign bony projection covered with cartilage
osteoclasis Surgical fracture of a bone to correct a deformity
osteomalacia Abnormal softening of bones in adults
osteomyelitis Inflammation of the bone marrow and adjacent bone
ostenecrosis Death of bone tissue due to insufficient blood supply
osteopenia thinner-than -average bone density
osteoporosis Loss of bone density and an increase in bone porosity frequently associated with aging
osteoporotic hip fracture (broken hip) usually caused by weakening of the bones due to osteoporosis
osteorrhaphy Surgical suturing, or wiring together of bones
Paget's disease Bone disease of unknown cause with excessive breakdown of bone tissue
pathologic fracture When a weakened bone breaks under normal strain
percutaneous vertebroplasty Performed to treat osteoporosis-related compression fractures
periostitis inflammation of the periosteum
podiatrist Specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders of the foot
prosthesis Substitute for a diseased or missing body part
rheumatoid arthritis Chronic autoimmune disorder in which the joints and some organs of other body systems are attacked
rickets Defective bone growth that occurs in children
scoliosis Abnormal lateral curvature of the spine
spina bifida Congenital defect that occurs during early pregnancy when the spinal canal fails to close completely around the spinal cord
spiral fracture A fracture where bone has been twisted apart
spondylolisthesis Forward slipping movement of the body of one of the lower lumbar vertebrae on the vertebrae or sacrum below it
spondylosis (spinal osteoarthritis) Loss of normal spinal structure and function
subluxation A partial displacement of a bone from its joint
synovectomy Surgical removal of a synovial membrane from a joint
vertebrae The bony unit of the spinal column
-um Singular noun ending for medical terms
Created by: ebryzgornia