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MTCh14- Endocrine

System Master

QuestionAnswer
The Thyroid Hormone that regulates carbohydrate metabolism is: thyroxin or thyroxine
The name of the hormone that helps to maintain the level of calcium in the blood and is produced by the four Parathyroid Glands is: parathormone
The PItuitary Hormone that stimulates uterine contractions during female labor is: oxytocin
The ______________ pituitary lobe stores and releases Anti/di/uret/ic Hormone (ADH) and Oxy/tocin. posterior
The ________ Endocrine Gland is referred to as the Master Gland (of the body) because it secretes multiple hormones that influence multiple body function. Pituitary
The name of the Pituitary Hormone that is essential to the growth, development and continue function of the adrenal cortex is: adreno/cortico/trophic hormone - ACTH SYN: Corticotropin
The pituitary lobe that secretes Adrenocorticotrophic Hormone (ACTH), Growth Hormone (GH), and Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) is called the: anterior lobe
Located in the front of the lower voice box and the upper trachea (rough), the __________ gland is the largest endocrine gland and is shaped like a shield. Thyroid
The four small dime size glands that lie directly upon and behind the Thyroid Gland are the _____________ Glands. They secrete para/thormone that is responsible for regulating body calcium usage. Parathyroid
The endocrine glands located above each kidney (divided into 2 portions called the medulla "marrow-like" and the cotex "bark-like" are the: adrenal glands
The hormone that plays an important role in the control of blood sugar levels and controls hyperglycemic and hypoglycemic body responses is: insulin from the beta cells of the Isles of Langerhans in the pnacreas "all/fleshy"
The hormone that helps the body deal with stress is: epinephrine - alarm stage of the General Adaptation Syndrome GAS
The compound term "Poly/dips/ia" literally means: much/thirst/refers to
The combining form that mean "poison" are: toxic/o- "toxic", viro- "virus", or septo- "septic"
The term Hypo/glyc/emia literally means; low of below/sugar levels/ blood -tired and fatigued
The prefixes e-, ec-, ect-, ecto-, ex-, and exo- all mean: out or outside
The diagnostic term for the state of excessive thryoxin production which causes high sugar use levels and hyperactivity is: hyperthyroidism
The medical term Endo/crin/olog/ist actually means: specialist in the science and study of glands of internal secretion (into the blood stream)
The diagnostic term for a chronic disease caused by under activity of the Islets of Langerhans (Beta Cells) in the pancreas is: Diabetes Mellitus- sweet or sugar excess - Type I and II
Addison’s Disease (AKA _____) is usually idio/pathic (unique to self/disease) and shows a progressive destruction of the ad/renal cortex. In time the tissue is infected by organisms that cause TB, histoplasmosis, and cryptococcosis. hypo/adreno/cortic/ism - weakness, vitiligo, nausea, and hypotension
The condition resulting in muscle spasms (poor nerve communications) due to an abnormally low concentration of calcium in the blood is: tetany- tension/ of the muscles
The medical term Syn/drome actually means: a set of sign sand symptoms that run together - together/run
The medical term for the sum total of all the chemical processes that take place in a living organism is _____________. It literally and actually means - the state of/changing/ a lump (of food). meta/bol/ism
The term given to substances secreted by the Endo/crine (within blood/secrete) Glands that mean to urge on is: hormone
The lack of ______________ can cause premature aging. Human Growth Hormone "HGH"
President John F Kennedy had the life threatening condition of _____________. All 3 Adreno/cortical (adrenal/cortex) functions are lost or diminished. The body shows skin or membranes discoloration (bronze/purple strips), hemorrhages... Addison's Disease
Grav's Disease is also known as: Hyperthyroidism
Dwarf/ism (irregular proportioned and "shortness/state") is often seen with Pro/geria (before/old or aged). The probable cause is heredity factors or the lack of Pituitary _______ production that leads to complete premature aging. HGH
The inability to sleep is often caused by the lack of the Pineal Gland to secrete: melatonin
The Parathyroid Gland produces Para/thormone, which regulate body calcium blood levels and prevents: tetany or muscle spasms
Dr. Andrew Weil, M.D. recommends we stimulate the ___________ Gland (called the Master Gland of the Immune System) with deep breathing exercises. Thymus
Fertility pills contain __________ Hormone that is administered around the 15th day of the female cycle to stimulate ovulation. Luteinizing "yellow/process of causing"
Birth Control pills start releasing _____ early in the female cycle (+/- day 9) which stops the release of LH from the Anterior Pituitary. The inhibition of LH around day 15 stops ovulation. Pro/gesterone hormone "before/separation: urge on"
The hormone ______ increases in the blood to a level that causes LH to be released from the anterior pituitary. This hormone is the third of the four female cycle hormones (FSH, estrogen, LH, and progestrone) Estrogen
The hormone ________ increases quickly in the female blood from the corpus luteum of the egg to a level that inhibits further Luteinizing Hormone (LH) production from the anterior pituitary, which stops ovulation. Progesterone
Created by: KC Croy KC Croy on 2009-04-12



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