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Types of Climates

For Weiler's Class 2016-17

TermDefinition
Climate The weather prevailing in one area in general or over a long period
Arid Without moisture; dry
Desert Arid region;sparse vegetation is supported
Example of a desert Sahara desert in North Africa
Tundra Vast, level, treeless plains of the arctic regions of Europe, Asia, and North America
Taiga Sub-arctic, evergreen coniferous forest of northern Eurasia located south of the tundra
Example of a taiga Russian taiga, other taigas near northern Canada and Eurasia
Steppe Extensive plain without trees
Example of a steppe Mongolian steppes, other steppes located through mid Eurasia in Russia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, and China
Tropical Very hot and humid
Mediterranean Hot, dry, summers; mild, rainy winters
Humid Containing a high amount of water vapor
Example of Tundra Greenland/ Located at north and south extremes of globe
Example of Tropical/Humid Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador- middle between tropics
Example of Meditteranean Perth-Western Australia (40 degrees latitude)
Gerhardus Mercator German geographer who made a flat map in 1569- he expanded the areas near the poles
Conformal Map Shows correct shapes but not true distances or sizes
Cartographer Map maker
Equal Area map Shows correct sizes of landmasses, but distorted shapes
The Peters Projection Map An equal area map
Interrupted Projection Map Shows size and shape of land correctly by creating gaps in the picture of the world (looks like a peeled orange)
Arthur Robinson's Projection Map Shows the size and shapes of most land accurately and National Geographic adopted it as the official standard of the world map in 1988
Latitude 0 degrees at the equator and 90 at north and south poles- goes across in horizontal slices
Longitude Resembles orange slices with lines meeting at the poles- 0 degrees at prime meridian
Chronometer A clock that measures the speed you are traveling and the time you've been traveling at sea to determine longitude
Greenwich Mean Time "Zero time" in the world which other time zones are built in relation to
T-O Style Map Medieval map with Jerusalem in the center
Paleontology Science of studying life by fossil remains
Ethnocentrism The belief in the superiority of your culture over others
Archaeology Science of studying past human life through artifacts
Artifact Product of human workmanship
Class textbook "Heritage of World Civilizations"
South- up map orientation Map with southern landmasses on top (upside-down)
Created by: lopiegabby