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Diagnostic Testing- Reverse Definations

ischmia a local lack of red blood cells because of mechanical obstruction of the blood supply, usually caused by arterial narrowing
enzyme a protein capable of initiating a chemical reaction that involves the formation or breakage of chemical bonds. When muscle damage or death occurs, enzyme within the muscle cell are released into the circulating blood
bruit a sound, especially an abnormal one, heard on auscultation or by ultrasound
mammography a specialized xray of the breast
heparin an anti-coagulant given to people who are at risk for developing blood clots
hemoglobin used to diagnose anemia or hemorrhage
platelet count counts the number of platelets
arterial blood gases determines amount of O2 and CO2 dissolved in the blood
sputum tests used to diagnose cause of chest infections
blood glucose levels used to diagnose metabolic diseases and monitor diabetics and adjust their medication
midstream urine used to diagnose urinary tract infections
hematologist specialize in diagnosis, treatment, prevention, investigation of blood and lymphatic system disorders
gastroscopy lining of the esophagus, stomach and small intestine are viewed using an endoscope
partial thromboplastin time evaluates a component of the clotting system
pathologist examines tissue samples; performs autopsies
stress test sometimes called an exercise ECG
complete blood count helps establish a diagnosis as part of a routine exam
homeostasis healthy body is in a state of equilibrium
stat immediately
electrolytes includes testing for sodium, potassium and chloride
radiologist interprets images of the human body
erythrocyte sedimentation rate measurement of the settling of RBCs in saline or plasma solution over a specific period of time
heart (cardiac) enzyme measures enzymes that can tell if a heart attack has occurred and how extensive the muscle damage is
cholesterol/triglycerides measures types of fat in the blood
glucose tolerance test more detailed to diagnose diabetes
critical value one that indicates a life threatening situation and requires immediate attention
blood cultures ordered if a client is suspected of having septicemia
CT or CAT scan a type of Xray that produces three dimensional images of cross sections of body parts
electrocardiogram noninvasive test that records the electrical activity of the heart via electrodes placed on the chest, arms and legs
autopsy the examination of a body to determine the cause of death and/or disease processes
serum the fluid portion of the blood. often used in phrases describing levels of blood components, as in serum creatinine
reference range the normal range: the values expected for a particular test
bone mineral density uses very small doses of radiation to check the density of bone in the spine and hip
magnetic resonance imaging a diagnostic tool that uses a magnetic field to produced images of body structures and organs
endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography uses an endoscope to visualize the liver and bile ducts
ultrasonography a procedure that uses high frequency sound waves directed at an organ or object to produce a visual image
echocardiogram uses ultrasound waves to evaluate cardiac function
colonoscopy visual exam of the large intestine
barium enema visualizes the lower portion of the bowel
barium swallow Xray of the throat and esophagus visualized using a contrast medium that is ingested as a drink
Created by: Laura Van Laura Van