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Bryz Ch. 7 Med Term

Medical Terminology Chapter 7 Terms

Bronch/o, bronchi/o Bronchial tube, bronchus
Laryng/o Larynx, throat
Nas/o Nose
Ox/i, ox/o, ox/y Oxygen
Pharyng/o Throat, Pharynx
Phon/o Sound, voice
Pleur/o Pleura, side of the body
-pnea Breathing
Pneum/o, pneumon/o, pneu Lung, air
Pulm/o, pulmon/o Lung
Sinus/o Sinus
Somn/o Sleep
Spir/o To breathe
Thorac/o, -thorax Chest, Pleural cavity
Trache/o, trachea Windpipe
Alveoli (air sacs) Very small grape-like clusters found at the end of each bronchiole
Anoxia Absence of oxygen from the body's tissues and organs even though there is an adequate flow of blood
Antitussive (cough medicine) administered to prevent coughing
Aphonia Loss of the ability of the larynx to produce normal speech sounds
Asbestosis Particles in the lungs and usually occurs after working with asbestos
Asphyxia Loss of consciousness that occurs when the body cannot get the oxygen it needs to function
Asthma Chronic inflammatory disease of the bronchial tubes
Atelectasis (collapsed lung) Incomplete expansion of part or all of a lung due to a blockage of the air passages or pneumothorax
Bradypnea Abnormally slow rate of respiration
Bronchodilator Medication that relaxes and expands the bronchial passages into the lungs
Bronchorrhea Excessive discharge of mucus from the bronchi
Bronchoscopy Visual examination of the bronchi using a bronchoscope
Bronchospasm Contraction of the smooth muscle in the walls of the bronchi and bronchioles, tightening and squeezing the airway shut
Cheyne-Stokes respiration Irregular pattern of breathing characterized by alternating rapid or shallow respiration followed by slower respiration or apnea
Croup Acute respiratory infection in children and infants characterized by obstruction of the larynx, hoarseness
Cyanosis Bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes caused by a lack of adequate oxygen in the blood
Cystic Fibrosis Life-threatening genetic disorder in which the lungs and pancreas are clogged with large quantities of abnormally thick mucus
Diphtheria Acute bacterial infection of the throat and upper respiratory tract
Dysphonia Difficulty in speaking, which may include any impairment in vocal quality, including hoarseness, weakness, or the cracking of a boy's voice during puberty
Dyspnea (Shortness of breath - SOB) Difficult or labored breathing
Emphysema Progressive, long-term loss of lung function, usually due to smoking
Empyema Refers to a collection of pus in a body cavity
Endotracheal Intubation (ETT) passage of a tube through the mouth into the trachea to establish or maintain an open airway, especially when a patient is on a ventilator
Epistaxis (Nose bleed) Bleeding from the nose
Hemoptysis Expectoration of blood or blood-stained sputum derived from the lungs or bronchial tubes as the result of a pulmonary or bronchial hemmorrhage
Hemothorax Collection of blood in the pleural cavity
Hypercapnia Abnormal buildup of carbon dioxide in the blood
Hyperpnea Breathing that is deeper and more rapid than is normal at rest
Hypopnea Shallow or slow respirations
Hypoxemia Condition of having low oxygen levels in the blood, usually due to respiratory disorders or heat conditions
Hypoxia Condition of having deficient oxygen levels in the body's tissues and organs; however, it is less severe than anoxia
Laryngectomy Surgical removal of the larynx, performed when the upper part of the airway is obstructed
Laryngitis Inflammation of the larynx
Laryngoscopy Visual examination of the larynx and vocal cords using a flexible or rigid laryngoscope inserted through the mouth
Laryngospasm Sudden spasmodic closure of the larynx
Mediastinum Middle section of the chest cavity and is located between the lungs
Nebulizer Electronic device that pumps air or oxygen through a liquid medicine to turn it into a mist, which is then inhaled by the patient via a face mask or mouthpiece
Otolaryngologist (Ear Nose and Throat) Physician with specialized training in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders of the head and neck
Pertussis (Whooping cough) Contagious bacterial infection of the upper respiratory tract that is characterized by recurrent bouts of a paroxysmal cough followed by breathlessness and noisy inspiration
Pharyngitis (Sore throat) Inflammation of the pharynx
Phlegm Thick mucus secreted by the tissues lining the respiratory passages
Pleurisy (Pleuritis) Inflammation of the pleura, the membranes that cover the lungs and line the pleural cavity
Pleurodynia Sharp pain that occurs when the inflamed membranes rub against each other with each inhalation
Pneumoconiosis Any fibrosis of the lung tissues caused by dust in the lungs after prolonged environmental or occupation contact
Pneumonectomy Surgical removal of all or part of a lung
Pneumonia Inflammation of the lungs in which the alveoli and air passages fill with pus and other fluids
Pneumothorax Accumulation of air in teh pleural space resulting in a pressure imbalance that causes the lung to fully or partially collapse
Polysomnography (Sleep study) measures physiological activity during sleep
Pulmonologist Physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating disease and disorders of the respiratory system
Pulse Oximeter External monitor placed on the patient's fingertip or earlobe to measure the oxygen saturation level in the blood
Pyothorax (Empyema of the pleural cavity) Presence of pus in the pleural cavity between the layers of the pleural membrane
Sinusitis Inflammation of the sinuses
Sleep Apnea Potentially serious disorder in which breathing repeatedly stops and starts during sleep for long-enough periods to cause a measurable decrease in blood oxygen levels
Spirometer Recording device that measures the amount of air inhaled or exhaled and the length of time required for each breath
Tachypnea Abnormally rapid rate of respiration usually of more than 20 breaths per minute
Thoracentesis Surgical puncture of the chest wall with a needle to obtain fluid from the pleural cavity
Thoracotomy Surgical incision into the chest walls to open the pleural cavity for biopsy or treatment
Tracheostomy Surgical creation of a stoma into the trachea to insert a temporary or permanent tube to facilitate breathing
Tracheotomy Procedure in which an incision is made into the trachea to gain access to the airway below a blockage
Tuberculosis Infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis that attacks the lungs
Created by: ebryzgornia