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Bryz Ch. 10 Med Term

Medical Terminology Chapter 10 Terms

Caus/o burning, burn
Cerebr/o Cerebrum, brain
Concuss/o Shaken together, violently agitated
Contus/o Bruise
Encephal/o Brain
-esthesia Sensation, feeling
Esthet/o Feeling, nervous sensation, sense of perception
-graphy The process of producing a picture or record
Mening/o membranes, meninges
Myel/o Spinal cord, bone marrow
Neur/i, Neur/o Nerve, nerve tissue
Phobia Abnormal fear
Psych/o Mind
Radicul/o Root or nerve root
Tropic Having an affinity for
Acrophobia Excessive fear of heights
Alzheimer's disease Group of disorders involving the parts of the brain that control thought, memory, and language
Amyotropihic Lateral Sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's Disease) Rapidly progressive neurological disease that attacks the nerve cells responsible for controlling voluntary muscles
Anesthetic Medications used to induce anesthesia that may be topical, local, regional, or general
Anesthetist Medical professional who specializes in administering anesthesia
Anxiety Disorders Mental conditions characterized by excessive, irrational dread of everyday situations or fear that is out of proportion to the real danger in a situation
Autism Subgroup of autism spectrum disorders. Children will have significant development delays, including speech and language
Bell's Palsy Temporary paralysis of the seventh cranial nerve that causes paralysis only of the affected side of the face
Carotid Ultrasonography Ultrasound study of the carotid artery
Causalgia Persistent, severe burning pain that usually follows an injury to a sensory nerve
Cerebral Contusion The bruising of brain tissue as the result of a head injury that causes the brain to bounce against the rigid bone of the skull
Cerebral Palsy Condition characterized by poor muscle control, spasticity, speech defects, and other neurologic deficiencies due to damage that affects the cerebrum
Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA) a stroke
Cervical Radiculopathy Nerve pain caused by pressure on the spinal nerve roots in the neck region
Claustrophobia Abnormal fear of being in small or enclosed spaces
Cognition Describes the mental activities associated with thinking, learning, and memory
Coma Profound (deep) state of unconsciousness marked by the absence of spontaneous eye movements, no response to painful stimuli, and the lack of speech
Concussion Violent shaking up or jarring of the brain
Cranial Hematoma Collection of blood trapped in the tissues of the brain
Delirium Acute condition of confusion, disorientation, disordered thinking and memory, agitation, and hallucinations
Delirium Tremens Disorder involving sudden and severe mental changes or seizures caused by abruptly stopping the use of alcohol
Delusion False personal belief that is maintained despite obvious proof or evidence to the contrary
Dementia Slowly progressive decline in mental abilities, including memory, thinking, and judgement, that is often accompanied by personality changes.
Dura Mater Thick, tough, outermost membrane of the meninges
Dyslexia Developmental reading disorder characterized by substandard reading achievement due to the brain's inability to process symbols
Echoencephalography Ultrasound imaging to create a detailed visual image of the brain for diagnostic purposes
Electroencephalography Process of recording the electrical activity of the brain through the use of electrodes attached to the scalp
Encephalitis Inflammation of the brain, can be caused by a viral infection such as rabies
Epidural Anesthesia Regional anesthesia produced by injecting medication into the epidural space of the lumbar or sacral region of the spine
Epilepsy Chronic neurological condition characterized by recurrent episodes of seizures of varying severity
Factitious Disorder Condition in which an individual acts as if he or she has a physical or mental illness when he or she is not really sick
Guillain-Barre Syndrome (Infectious polyneuritis) Inflammation of the myelin sheath of peripheral nerves, characterized by rapidly worsening muscle weakness that can lead to temporary paralysis
Hallucination Sensory perception experienced in the absence of external stimulation
Hemorrhagic Stroke Occurs when a blood vessel in the brain leaks
Hydrocephalus Condition in which excess cerebrospinal fluid accumulates in the ventricles of the brain
Hyperesthesia Condition of abnormal and excessive sensitivity to touch
Hypochondriasis Fearing that one has a serious illness despite appropriate medical evaluation and reassurance
Ischemic Stroke Most common type of stroke in older people, occurs when the flow of blood to the brain is blocked by the narrowing or blockage of a carotid artery
Lethargy Lowered level of consciousness marked by listlessness, drowsiness, and apathy
Meningitis (Infectious meningitis) Inflammation of the meninges of the brain and spinal cord
Meningocele Congenital herniation of the meninges through a defect in the skull or spinal column
Migraine Headache Which may be preceded by a warning aura, is characterized by throbbing pain on one side of the head
Multiple Sclerosis Progressive autoimmune disorder characterized by inflammation that causes demyelination of the myelin sheath
Myelitis Inflammation of the spinal cord
Myelography Radiographic study of the spinal cord after the injection of a contrast medium through a lumbar puncture
Narcolepsy Sleep disorder consisting of sudden and uncontrollable brief episodes of falling asleep during the day
Neurotransmitters Chemical substances that make it possible for messages to cross from the synapse of a neuron to the target receptor
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Characterized by recurrent obsessions and/or compulsions
Panic Attack Unexpected, sudden experience of fear in the absence of danger, accompanied by physical symptoms such as heart palpitations, shortness of breath, chest tightness, dizziness, sweating, nausea, feelings of unreality, choking sensations, or a combination
Paresthesia Refers to a burning or prickling sensation that is usually felt in the hands, arms, legs, or feet, but can also occur in other parts of the body
Parkinson's Disease Chronic, degenerative central nervous disorder characterized by fine muscle tremors, rigidity, and a slow or shuffling gait
Peripheral Neuropathy Disorder of the peripheral nerves that carry information to and from the brain and spinal cord
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder May develop after an event involving actual or threatened death or injury to the individual or someone else in which fear, helplessness, or horror was felt
Reye's Syndrome Potentially serious or deadly disorder in children that is characterized by vomiting and confusion
Schizophrenia Psychotic disorder usually characterized by withdrawal from reality, illogical patterns of thinking, delusions, and hallucinations, and accompanied in varying degree by other emotional, behavioral, or intellectual disturbances
Sciatica Inflammation of the sciatic nerve that results in pain, burning, and tingling along the course of the affected sciatic nerve through the thigh, leg, and foot
Seizure Sudden surge of electrical activity in the brain that affects how a person feels or acts for a short time
Shaken Baby Syndrome Results of a child being violently shaken by someone which can cause brain injury, blindness, fractures, seizures, paralysis and death
Syncope (fainting) brief loss of consciousness caused by the decreased flow of blood to the brain
Trigeminal Neuralgia Characterized by severe lightning like pain due to an inflammation of the 5th cranial nerve
Created by: ebryzgornia