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Bryz Ch. 6 Med Term

Medical Terminology Chapter 6 Terms

Anti Against
Carcin/o Cancerous
Immun/o Immune, protection, safe
Lymph/o Lymph, lymphatic tissue
Lymphaden/o Lymph node or gland
Lymphangi/o Lymph vessel
Neo-, Ne/o New, strange
-oma Tumor, neoplasm
Onc/o Tumor
Phag/o Eat, swallow
-plasm Formative material of cells
Sarc/o Flesh, connective tissue
Splen/o Spleen
-tic Pertaining to
Tox/o Poison, poisonous
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) Most advanced and fatal stage of an HIV infection
Allergen Substances that produce allergic reactions
Anaphylaxis Severe response to an allergen
Antibiotics Medications capable or inhibiting growth or killing pathogenic bacterial microorganisms
Antibody Disease-fighting protein created by the immune system in response to the presence of a specific antigen
Antifungal Agent that destroys or inhibits growth of fungi
Antigen Any substance that the body regards as being foreign
Antigen-antibody Reaction (Immune reaction) Binding antigens to antibodies
Autoimmune Disorder (Autoimmune Disease) Any of a large group of diseases characterized by a condition in which the immune system produces antibodies against its own tissues, mistaking healthy cells, tissues, or organs for antigens
Bacilli Rod-shaped spore-forming bacteria
Bacteria One-celled microscopic organisms
Candidiasis (Yeast infection) Occurs on the skin or mucous membranes
Carcinoma Malignant tumor that occurs in epithelial tissue
Carcinoma in situ Malignant tumor in its original position that has not yet disturbed or invaded the surrounding tissues
Complement system Group of proteins that normally circulate in the blood in an inactive form
Cytokines Group of proteins such as interferons and interleukins released primarily by the T cells
Cytomegalovirus (Silent infection) Found in most body fluids, and the individual has no signs or symptoms
Cytotoxic Drug Medication that kills or damages cells
Ductal Carcinoma in situ Breast cancer at its earliest stage before the cancer has broken through the wall of the milk duct
Hemolytic Destroying worn-out erythrocytes
Herpes Zoster (Shingles) Acute viral infection characterized by painful skin eruptions that follow the underlying route or an inflamed nerve
Hodgkin's Lymphoma (Hodgkin's Disease) Distinguished from other lymphomas by the presence of large, cancerous lymphocytes known as Reed-Sternberg cells
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Bloodborne infection in which the virus damages or kills the T cells of the immune system, causing it to progressively fail, thus leaving the body at risk of developing many life-threatening opportunistic infections
Immunodeficiency Disorder Occurs when the immune response is compromised
Immunoglobulins Bind with specific antigens in the antigen-antibody response
Immunosuppressant Substance that prevents or reduces the body's normal immune response
Immunotherapy (Biological Therapy) Disease treatment that involves either stimulating or repressing the immune response
Infectious Mononucleosis (Mono) Caused by the Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) characterized by fever, sore throat, and enlarged lymph nodes
Infiltrating Ductal Carcinoma (Invasive Ductal Carcinoma) Starts in the milk duct, breaks through the wall of that duct, and invades the fatty breast tissue
Interferons Produced in response to the presence of antigens
Lymphadenitis (Swollen glands) Inflammation of the lymph nodes
Lymphadenopathy Any disease process affecting a lymph node or nodes
Lymphangioma Benign tumor formed by an abnormal collection of lymphatic vessels due to a congenital malformation of the lymphatic system
Lymphedema Swelling of the tissues due to an abnormal accumulation of lymph fluid within the tissues
Lymphocytes (Lymphoid cells) Leukocytes formed in bone marrow as stem cells
Lymphoma General term applied to malignancies affecting lymphoid tissues
Lymphoscintigraphy Diagnostic test that is performed to detect damage or malformations of the lymphatic vessels
Macrophage Type of leukocyte that surrounds and kills invading cells
Malaria Caused by a parasite that lives in certain mosquitoes and is transferred to humans by the bite of an infected mosquito
Mammography Radiographic examination of the breasts to detect the presence of tumors or precancerous cells
Metastasis New cancer site that results from the spreading process
Metastasize Process by which cancer spreads from one place to another
Myoma Benign tumor made up of muscle tissue
Myosarcoma Malignant tumor derived from muscle tissue
Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma All other lymphomas other than Hodgkin's lymphoma - some aggressive and some indolent
Opportunistic infection Caused by a pathogen that does not normally produce an illness in healthy humans
Osteosarcoma Hard-tissue sarcoma that usually involves the upper shaft of the long bones, pelvis, or knee
Parasite Plant or animal that lives on or within another living organism at the expense of the organism
Rabies Acute viral infection that is transmitted to humans through the bite or saliva of an infected animal
Rickettsia Small bacterium that lives in lice, fleas, ticks, and mites
Rubella (German measles) Viral infection characterized by a low-grade fever, swollen glands, inflamed eyes, and a fine, pink rash
Sarcoma Malignant tumor that arises from connective tissues, including hard, soft, and liquid connective tissues
Spirochetes Long, slender spiral-shaped bacteria that have flexible walls and are capable of movement
Splenomegaly Abnormal enlargement of the spleen
Staphylococci Group of about 30 species of bacteria that form irregular groups or clusters resembling grapes
Streptococci Bacteria that form a chain and are generally harmless but can cause strep throat, meningitis, endocarditis, and necrotizing fasciitis
Systemic Reaction (Anaphylactic Shock) Severe response to an allergen
Teletherapy Radiation therapy administered at a distance from the body
Toxoplasmosis Parasite that is most commonly transmitted from pets to humans by contact with contaminated animal feces
Varicella (Chickenpox) Caused by the herpes virus varicella zoster and is highly contagious
Created by: ebryzgornia