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Bryz Ch. 12 Med Term

Medical Terminology Chapter 12 Terms

Cutane/o skin
Hirsut/o hairy, rough
Kerat/o Horny, hard
Lip/o Fat, lipid
Melan/o Black, dark
Derm/o Skin
Myc/o fungus
Onych/o Fingernail or toenail
Pil/i, Pil/o Hair
Py/o pus
Hidr/o Sweat
Rhytid/o Wrinkle
Seb/o Sebum
Urtic/o Rash, Hives
Xer/o Dry
Actinic Keratosis Precancerous skin growth occuring on sun damaged skin
Albinism Genetic condition characterized by a deficiency or the absence of pigment in the skin, hair, and irises of the eyes
Alopecia Partial or complete loss of hair, most commonly on the scalp
Blepharoplasty Lid lift, surgical reduction of the upper and lower eyelids by removing sagging skin
Bulla Large blister usually more than 0.5 cm in diameter
Capillary Hemangioma Soft raised pink or red vascular birthmark
Carbuncle Cluster of connected furuncles
Cellulitis Acute, rapidly spreading bacterial infection within the connective tissues characterized by malaise, swelling, warmth, and red streaks
Chloasma Pigmentation disorder characterized by bronwish spots on the face
Cicatrix Normal scar resulting from the healing of a wound
Comedo Non-infected lesion
Debridement Removal of dirt, foreign objects, damaged tissue, and cellular debris from a wound to prevent infection and to promote healing
Dermatitis Inflammation of the skin
Diaphoresis Profuse sweating
Dysplastic Nevi Atypical mole that can develop into skin cancer
Ecchymosis Bruise, irregular purple discoloration due to bleeding under the skin
Eczema Persistent or recurring dermatitis usually characterized by redness, itching and dryness, with possible blistering, cracking, oozing, or bleeding
Erythema Redness of skin due to capillary dilation
Erythroderma Abnormal redness of the entire skin surface
Exanthem Widespread rash, usually in children
Exfoliative Dermatitis Widespread scaling of the skin
Folliculitis Inflammation of the hair follicles
Furuncles Boils
Granuloma Small, knot-like swelling of granulation tissue in the epidermis
Hematoma Swelling of clotted blood caught in the tissues
Hirsutism Presence of excessive body and facial hair in women, usually occuring in the male pattern
Ichthyosis Group of hereditary disorders characterized by dry, thickened, and scaly skin
Impetigo Highly contagious bacterial skin infection that commonly occurs in children
Keloid Abnormally raised or thickened scar that expands beyond the boundaries of the original incision
Keratosis Any skin growth such as a wart or a callus in which there is overgrowth and a thickening of the skin
Koilonychia Malformation of the nails in which the outer surface is concave or scooped out like the bowl of a spoon
Lipedema Painful fat syndrome
Lipoma Benign, slow-growing fatty tumor located between the skin and muscle layer
Macule Discolored flat spot that is less than 1 cm in diameter
Malignant Melanoma Type of skin cancer that occurs in the melanocytes
Necrotizing Fascitis Severe infection, flesh-eating bacteria
Onychocryptosis Ingrown toenail
Onychomycosis Fungal infection of the nail
Papilloma Benign, superficial wart-like growth on the epithelial tissue or elsewhere in the body
Papule Small, raised red lesion that is less than 0.5 cm in diameter and doesn't contain pus
Paronychia Acute or chronic infection of the skin fold around the nail
Pediculosis Infestation with lice
Petechiae Very small, pinpoint hemorrhages that are less than 2 mm in diameter
Pruritus Itching
Psoriasis Common skin disorder characterized by flare-ups in which red papules covered with silvery scales occur on the elbos, knees, scalp, back, or buttocks
Purpura Appearance of multiple purple discolorations on the skin caused by bleeding underneath the skin
Purulent Producing or containing pus
Rhytidectomy Facelift, surgical removal of excess skin and fat from the face to remove wrinkles
Rosacea Adult acne, tiny red pimples and broken blood vessels
Scabies A skin infection caused by an infestation of itch mites
Scleroderma Autoimmune disorder where the connective tissues become thickened and hardened causing the skin to become hard and swollen
Seborrhea Overactivity of the sebaceous glands that result in the production of an excessive amount of sebum
Squamous Cell Carcinoma Originates as a malignant tumor of the scaly squamous cells of the epithelium; can quickly spread to other body systems
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Lupus, autoimmune disorder characterized by a red, scaly rash on the face and upper trunk
Tinea Ringworm, Fungal infection
Urticaria HIves, itchy wheals caused by an allergic reaction
Verrucae Warts, small, hard skin lesions caused by the human papilomavirus
Vitiligo Skin condition resulting from the destruction of the melanocytes due to unknown causes
Wheal Welt, small bump that itches
Xeroderma Excessive dry skin
Created by: ebryzgornia