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LOM Chapter 4

Combining forms, prefixes and suffixes

Combining form, suffix, prefixmeaning
carp/o wrist bones
cib/o meals
cis/o to cut
cost/o rib
cutane/o skin
dactyl/o fingers, toes
duct/o to lead, carry
flex/o to bend
furc/o forking, branching
gloss/o tongue
glyc/o sugar
immun/o protection
morph/o shape, form
mort/o death
nat/i birth
nect/o to bind, tie, connect
norm/o rule, order
ox/o oxygen
seps/o infection
somn/o sleep
son/o sound
the/o to put, place
thel/o nipple
thyr/o shield. (The shape of the thyroid gland resembled a shield to those who named it.)
top/o place, position, location
tox/o poison
trache/o windpipe, trachea
urethr/o urethra
-blast embryonic, immature
-cyesis pregnancy
-drome to run
-fusion to pour
-gen producing, forming
-lapse to slide, fall, sag
-lysis breakdown, separation, loosening
-meter to measure
-mission to send
-or one who
-partum birth, labor
-phoria to bear, carry; feeling; mental state
-plasia development, formation
-plasm development, formation
-pnea breathing
-ptosis droop, sag, prolapse
-rrhea flow, discharge
-stasis stop, control; place
-trophy nourishment, development
a- no, not, without
an no, not, without
ab- away from
ad- toward
ana- up, apart
ante- before, forward
anti- against
auto- self, own
bi- two
brady- slow
cata- down
con- with, together
contra- against, opposite
de- down; lack of
dia through, complete
dys- bad painful
ec- out, outside
ecto- out, outside
en- in, within
endo- in, within
epi- upon, on, above
eu- good, normal
ex- out, away
hemi- half
hyper- excessive, above
hypo- deficient, under
in- not
in- into
infra- beneath
inter- between
intra- into, within
macro- large
mal- bad
meta- change, beyond
micro- small
neo- new
pan- all
para- near, beside, abnormal
per- through
peri- surrounding
poly- many, much
post- after, behind
pre- before, forward
pseudo- false
re- back, again
retro- behind, baclward
sub- under
supra- above, upper
syn- together, with
sym- together, with
trachy- fast
trans- across, through
ultra- beyond, excess
uni- one
Created by: gosomonoro