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med term slides 1

Word root Base of a word
Combining form Word root plus a vowel
suffix the ending that follows a word root
prefix placed at the beginning of a word or word root that can change its meaning
compound word when two or more word roots are used to build a word
what are the 4 basic types of word parts used to create complex medical terms? word roots, combining forms, suffixes, prefixes
anterposterior front to back
cephalocaudal head to tail
pericardium membrane surrounding the heart
thoracic pertaining to the chest-thorax
cytology study of cells
cardiomegaly enlarged heart
dermatosis abnormal condition of the skin
physiology study of body functions
ventral front
anterior front
dorsal back
posterior back
cephalic upward towards the head
caudal down towards the tail (sacrum)
medial toward the midline
lateral toward the side, away from the midline
superior above
inferior below
proximal near the point of origin or near the midline
distal away from the point of origin or away from the midline
define anatomy study of body structures
define cells unit structure of living things
define tissues group of cells with common function
define organs group of tissues with common function
define organ system group of organs with common function
cyt/o cell
-cyte cell
nerve tissue control and communicate
epithelium tissue secrete and protect
muscle tissue move and protect
connective tissue support and connect
thoracic cavity chest
pleural cavity lung
pericardial cavity heart
abdominal cavity abdomen
pelvic cavity pelvis
RUQ right upper quandrant
RLQ right lower quadrant
LUQ left upper quandrant
LLQ left lower quandrant
dextra right
sinistra left
-ist specialist
-megaly enlarged
-logy study of
-osis condition
dermat/o skin
physio/o function
proxim/o closer to origin
Created by: disney2000