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Chapter 10 part 3

Cardiovascular system and heart disease terms countinued

digital subtraction angiography process of digital radiographic imaging of the blood vessels that subtracts or removes structures not being studied
doppler ultrasound study that uses high frequency sound waves for detection of blood flow within the vessels
exercise stress test study that evaluates cardiac function during physical stress by riding a bike or walking on tredmill
single photon emission computed tomography nuclear medicine scan that visualizes the heart from several different angles
thallium test nuclear medicine test used to diagnose coronary artery disease and assess revascularization after coronary artery bypass surgery
transesophageal echocardiogram ultrasound test that examines cardiac fuction and structure by using an ultrasound probe placed in the esophagus which provides views of the heart structures
cardiac cauterization diagnose procedure performed by passing a catheter into the heart through a blood vessel to examine the condition of the heart and surrounding blood vessels
impedance plethysmography measures venous flow of the extremities with a plethysmograph to detect clots by measuring changes in blood volume and resistance in the vein
blood pressure pressure exerted by the blood against the blood vessel walls
pulse rhythmic expansion of an artery created by the contraction of the heart that can be felt with fingertip
systolic 120/80
diastolic 80/120
sphygmonmanometer device used for measuring blood pressure
c-reactive protein blood test to measure the amount of c-reactive protein in the blood
creatine phosphokinase blood test used to measure the level of creatine an enzyme of heart and skeletal muscle reached into the blood after muscle injury or necrosis
homocysteine blood test used to measure the amount of homocystine in the blood
lipid profile blood test used to measure troponin a heart muscle enzyme
troponin blood test that measures troponin a heart muscle enzyme
coagulation time blood test to determine the time it takes for blood to form a clot
complete blood count and differential count laboratory test for basic blood screening that measures various aspects of erythrocytes leukocytes and platelets this automated test quickly provides a tremendous amount of information about the blood
hematocrit blood test used to measure the volume of erythrocytes it is used in the diagnosis and evaluation of anemic patients
hemoglobin blood test used to determine the concentration of oxygen carrying components in erythrocytes
prothrombin time blood test used to determine certain coagulation activity defects and to monitor anticoagulation therapy for patients taking coumadin an oral anticoagulant medication
cholesterol a compound important in the production of sex hormones steroids cell membranes and bile acids it produces the body and contained in foods such animal fats
high density lipoprotein a type of protein that removes cholesterol from the tissues and transports it to the lover to be excreted in the bile
low density lipoprotein a type of of protein that transports cholesterol to the tissue and deposits it on the walls of the arteries
total cholesterol the total amount of cholesterol contained in the HDL and LDL
truglycerides a form of fat in the blood
very low density lipoprotein a type of protein that transports most of the triglycerides in the blood
atrioventricular pertaining to the atrium and ventricle
cardiac pertaining to the heart
cardiogenic originating in the heart
cardiology study of the heart
cardiologist physician who studies and treats diseases of the heart
hypothermia condition of body temperature that is below normal
intravenous pertaining to within a vein
phlebology study of veins
phlebologist physician who studies and treats disease of the veins
hematologist physician who studies and treats diseases of the blood
hematology study of the blood a branch of medicine that deals with diseases of the blood
hemostasis stoppage of bleeding
myelopoiesis formation of bone marrow
plasmapheresis removal of plasma
thrombolysis dissolution of a clot
bruit abnormal vascular sound heart through auscultation caused by turbulent blood flow through the arteries or veins
cardiopulmonary resuscitation emergency procedure consisting of external cardiac compressions and artificial ventilation
defibrillation application of an electric shock to the myocardium through the chest wall to restore normal cardiac rhythm
diastole phase in the cardiac cycle in which the ventricles relax and fill with blood between contractions
extracorporeal occurring outside the body during open heart surgery circulation occurs when blood is diverted outside the body to a heart lung machine
extravasation escape of blood from the blood vessel in to the tissue
fibrillation rapid quivering non coordinated contractions
hypercholesterolemia excessive amount of cholesterol in the blood associated with heightened risk of cardiovascular disease
hyperlipidemia excessive amount of fats lipids trigycerides and cholesterol in the blood
hypertension blood pressure higher than normal
hypertriglyceridemia excessive amount of triglycerides in the blood associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease
hypotension very low blood pressure
lipids fats and fatlike substances that serve as a source of fuel in the body and are an important constituent of cell structure
lumen space within a tublar part or organ such as the space within a blood vessel
murmur abnormal cardiac sound hear through ausculation caused by turbulent blood flow through the heart
occlude to close tightly to block
systole phase in the cardiac cycle in which the ventricles contract and eject blood in the upper number of a blood pressure reading (systolic)
vasoconstrictor agent or nerve that narrows the blood vessels
vasodilator agent or nerve that enlarges the blood vessels
venipuncture procedure used to puncture a vein with a needle to remove blood instill a medication or start intravenous infusion
anticoagulat agent that slows the blood clotting process
blood dyscrasia abnormal or pathologic condition of the blood
hemorrhage rapid loss of blood as in bleeding
allergen environmental substance capable of producing an immediate hypersensitivity in the body
allergist physician who studies and treats allergic reaction
allergy hypersensitivity to a substance resulting in a inflammatory immune response
anaphylaxis exaggerated life threatening reaction to a previous encountered antigen such as a bee venom peanuts or latex
antibody substance produced by lymphocytes that inactivates or destroys antigens
antigen substance that triggers an immune response when introduced into the body
autoimmune diseases disease caused by the body inability to distinguish it own cells from foreign bodies thus producing antibodies that attack it own tissue Ex: systemic lupus and rheumatoid arthritis
immune being resistant to specific invading pathogens
immuneodeficiency deficient immune response caused by the immune system dysfuction brought on by disease (HIV infection or immunosuppressive drugs
immunologist physician who studies and treats immune system disorders
immunology the branch of medicine dealing with immune system disorders
phagocytosis process in which some of the white blood cells destroy the invading microorganism and old cells
vaccine suspension of an inactivated microorganism and old cells
Created by: Mahonski Jenny Mahonski Jenny