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5thGradeElectricity

Study Guide Electricity and Circuits

QuestionAnswer
When does grounding occur? When a conductor shares its excess charge with a much larger conductor.
What is a circuit? Electric current passes through an unbroken path of conductors.
An object in an electrical circuit that resists the flow of electrons. Resistor
A flashlight is a circuit with batteries to supply voltage. What is the bulb? Resistor
A device that can open or close the path of a circuit. Switch
A flow of electricity through a conductor. Electric Current
When two objects rub against each other, electrons are sometimes knocked off one object and onto another. This natural electricity is called. Static Electricity
Name 3 good conductors of electricity? Nails, copper, paperclips,
Electrical current can be converted into what forms of energy? Heat, Light, Sound, and Magnetism
How do you complete a circuit? Source of energy from battery moves through wire to the light bulb to the wire back to the battery.
What kind of circuit has only one path through which electricity can flow? Series Circuit
What kind of circuit has more than one path through which electricity can flow? Parallel Circuit
What kind of materials do not allow materials to pass through them? Insulators
What kind of materials allow electricity to pass through them? Conductors
What is a constant flow of negative charges? Electric Current
What kind of switch opens if the circuit overloads? Circuit Breaker
Created by: amandalewis