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Organ Roots/ Anatomy


Enchephalo Brain Ex. Encephalitis: inflammation of the brain
Glosso/Lingio Tongue Ex. glossitis: inflammation of the tongue; lingual nerve: located near the side of the tongue
Dento Teeth Ex. Dentist: person qualified to treat diseases and conditions that affect the teeth and gums
Gastro Stomach Ex. Gastritis: stomach inflammation
Entero Intestine Ex. gastroenteritis: stomach flu
Gingivio Gums Ex. Gingivitis: gum inflammation
Stomato Mouth Ex. Stomatitis: a condition that causes painful swelling and sores inside the mouth
Organ System group of organs that work together to perform complex body functions
Cytoplasm gel-like fluid inside the cell
Muscle Tissue composed of cells that have a special ability to contract, usually producing movement
Cell Membrane forms the boundary of the cell
Nervous Tissue found in the nerves, spinal cord, and brain; it is responsible for coordinating and controlling body activities
Nucleus largest source within the cell, usually spherical and centrally located; contains chromosomes for cellular reproduction and is the control center of the cell
Genes regions within the chromosome have several thousand of these which determine hereditary characteristics
Connective Tissue connects, supports, penetrates, and encases various body structures
Organ two or more kinds of tissues that together perform special body functions
Epithelial Tissue the major covering of the external surface of the body; forms membranes that line body cavities and organs and is the major tissue in glands
DNA comprises each gene; is a chemical that regulates the activities of the cell
Cell basic unit of all living things; the human body has trillions, they vary in size and shape according to function
Tissue group of similar cells that performs a specific task
Chromosomes located int he nucleus of the cell; total of 46 in all normal human cells, with the exception of mature sex cells which contain 23
-a/an without, none
-ectomy to cut out (remove)
-otomy to cut into
macro- large
-scopy/-scopic to look or observe
-ostomy to make a "mouth"
-graphy/-graph a recording or an image
-itis inflammation
micro- small
-osis abnormal condition
mega-/ -megaly enlarged
-gram image or X-Ray
Created by: alexandra_ayon